Governor Davie - History

Governor Davie - History


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Governor Davie

William Richardson Davie, born in England 20 June 1763, came to Colonial America in 1763, and graduated from Princeton College, N.J., in 1776. Joining the Army during the revolution, he served under Casimir Pulaski and later took an active part in the Carolina campaign, becoming General Nathaniel Greene's Commissary General. After the war he settled in Halifax, N.C., and became successively a prominent lawyer, State legislator, and founder of the University of North Carolina. In 1798 Davie was elected Governor ~ North Carolina. He was appointed a Brigadier General during the Quasi-War with France; and became a peace commissioner to Paris in 1799, sent there by President John Adams after the XYZ affair. Governor Davie retired to his South Carolina plantation in 1805 and died there 29 November 1820.

(Gy: 1. 52'; b. 15'; dph. 5'8"; cpl. 28; a. 1 24-pdr., 5 to
6 how.)

Governor Davie was built at Wilmington, N.C., as one of a group of galleys authorized by act off Congress 4 May 1798. The small vessels were built and equipped by the Navy Department but operated under the War Department as a kind of Naval Militia.

Governor Davie was assigned to cruise the coast and inlets of North Carolina under Captain William McKerrall (or McKerall) during the Quasi-War with France 1798 to 1801. Late in 1801 she was ordered turned over to the Revenue Cutter Service, but believed to have been sold instead, probably about 1 February 1802 at Wilmington. N.C.


William R. Davie

Prior Political Experience: Lower House of North Carolina, 1786-1798.

New Government Participation: Governor of North Carolina, 1798-1802 Peace Commissioner to France, 1799.

Biography from the National Archives: One of the eight delegates born outside of the thirteen colonies, Davie was born in Egremont, Cumberlandshire, England, on June 20, 1756. In 1763, Archibald Davie brought his son William to Waxhaw, South Carolina, where the boy's maternal uncle, William Richardson, a Presbyterian clergyman, adopted him. Davie attended Queen's Museum College in Charlotte, North Carolina, and graduated from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) in 1776.

Davie's law studies in Salisbury, North Carolina, were interrupted by military service, but he won his license to practice before county courts in 1779 and in the superior courts in 1780. When the War for Independence broke out, he helped raise a troop of cavalry near Salisbury and eventually achieved the rank of colonel. While attached to Pulaski's division, Davie was wounded leading a charge at Stono, near Charleston, on June 20, 1779. Early in 1780, he raised another troop and operated mainly in western North Carolina. In January 1781, Davie was appointed commissary-general for the Carolina campaign. In this capacity he oversaw the collection of arms and supplies to Gen. Nathanael Greene's army and the state militia.

After the war, Davie embarked on his career as a lawyer, traveling the circuit in North Carolina. In 1782, he married Sarah Jones, the daughter of his former commander, Gen. Allen Jones, and settled in Halifax. His legal knowledge and ability won him great respect, and his presentation of arguments was admired. Between 1786 and 1798, Davie represented Halifax in the North Carolina legislature. There he was the principal agent behind that body's actions to revise and codify state laws, send representatives to the Annapolis and Philadelphia conventions, cede Tennessee to the Union, and fix disputed state boundaries.

During the Constitutional Convention, Davie favored plans for a strong central government. He was a member of the committee that considered the question of representation in Congress and swung the North Carolina delegation's vote in favor of the Great Compromise. He favored election of senators and presidential electors by the legislature and insisted on counting slaves in determining representation. Though he left the convention on August 13, before its adjournment, Davie fought hard for the Constitution's ratification and took a prominent part in the North Carolina convention.

The political and military realms were not the only ones in which Davie left his mark. The University of North Carolina, of which he was the chief founder, stands as an enduring reminder of Davie's interest in education. Davie selected the location, instructors, and a curriculum that included the literary and social sciences as well as mathematics and classics. In 1810, the trustees conferred upon him the title of "Father of the University" and in the next year granted him the degree of Doctor of Laws.

Davie became Governor of North Carolina in 1798. His career also turned back briefly to the military when President John Adams appointed him a brigadier general in the U.S. Army that same year. Davie later served as a peace commissioner to France in 1799.

Davie stood as a candidate for Congress in 1803 but met defeat. In 1805, after the death of his wife, Davie retired from politics to his plantation, "Tivoli," in Chester County, South Carolina. In 1813, he declined an appointment as major-general from President Madison. Davie was 64 years old when he died on November 29, 1820, at Tivoli, and he was buried in the Old Waxhaw Presbyterian Churchyard in northern Lancaster County.


Davis, Edmund Jackson (1827&ndash1883)

Edmund J. Davis, Union Army officer and Reconstruction governor of Texas, was born at St. Augustine, Florida, on October 2, 1827, the son of William Godwin and Mary Ann (Channer) Davis. His grandfather Godwin Davis, an Englishman, had settled in Virginia and had fought and died in the Revolutionary War. His father, who had lived in South Carolina, was a land developer and attorney at St. Augustine. The young Davis received his education in Florida and moved with his family to Galveston, Texas, in January 1848. There he worked as a clerk in the post office and studied law. In mid-1849 he moved to Corpus Christi, where he worked in a store and read law. He was admitted to the bar in the fall of 1849. Between 1849 and 1853 he was an inspector and deputy collector of customs at Laredo. In 1853 he became district attorney of the Twelfth Judicial District at Brownsville. About 1856 Governor Elisha M. Pease named him judge of the same district, and Davis continued to serve as a state judge until 1861. As judge he accompanied the ranger unit of Capt. William G. Tobin, who was involved in the Cortina affair at Brownsville in 1859 (see CORTINA, JUAN NEPOMUCENO).

On April 6, 1858, Davis married Elizabeth Anne Britton, daughter of Forbes Britton, a state senator and friend of Sam Houston. The couple had two sons, Britton and Waters. Britton was born in 1860, attended West Point, and became an officer in the United States Army. Waters, born in 1862, attended the University of Michigan and became an attorney and merchant in El Paso.

Davis was a Whig until the mid-1850s. In 1855 he joined the Democratic party in a fusion against the American (Know-Nothing) party, and he remained a Democrat until after the Civil War. In later politics he supported Sam Houston and opposed secession in 1861, when he ran unsuccessfully to become a delegate to the Secession Convention. After secession Davis refused to take the oath of loyalty to the Confederacy, and the state vacated his judgeship on April 24.

As a result of his opposition to the Confederacy, he fled the state in May 1862. With John L. Haynes and William Alexander, he went to New Orleans, then to Washington, where the men met with President Abraham Lincoln, who recommended providing arms to troops that they wanted to raise. On October 26, 1862, Davis received a colonel's commission and authorization to recruit the cavalry regiment that became the First Texas Cavalry (U.S.).

Davis and the First Texas saw extensive service during the remainder of the war. They were at Galveston on January 3, 1863, and barely escaped capture when Confederates took that city back from Union hands. On March 15, 1863, Confederate citizens and off-duty soldiers seized Davis in Matamoros, where he was attempting to take his family out of Texas and recruit men for his unit. This event precipitated diplomatic trouble between the Confederacy and Mexico that lasted until Gen. Hamilton P. Bee released Davis to appease Mexican governor Albino López. From November to December 1863 Davis was in Texas as a part of Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's unsuccessful Rio Grande campaign. His unit marched to Rio Grande City and seized cotton and slaves in an effort to disrupt the border trade. On November 4, 1864, Davis was promoted to brigadier general. For the rest of the war he commanded Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds's cavalry in the Division of Western Mississippi. On June 2, 1865, he was among those who represented Gen. Edward R. S. Canby at Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's surrender of Confederate forces in Texas.

Davis participated in state politics as a Unionist and Republican after the war. He served in the Constitutional Convention of 1866 and ran unsuccessfully for the state Senate from his old district in the 1866 general election. He represented the border district and was president of the Constitutional Convention of 1868&ndash69. In this period he consistently supported political programs that would have restricted the political rights of secessionists, expanded rights for Blacks, and divided the state. He also favored the ab initio theory, which held that all laws passed since secession were null and void (see AB INITIO QUESTION).

In the election of 1869 Davis ran for governor against Andrew J. Hamilton, another Republican, and won in a closely disputed race. His administration was a controversial one. Its program called for law and order backed by a State Police and restored militia, public schools, internal improvements, bureaus of immigration and geology, and protection of the frontier. All of these measures encountered strong attacks from both Democratic and Republican opponents and added to the controversy surrounding Reconstruction in Texas. Davis ran for reelection in December 1873 and was defeated by Richard Coke by a vote of two to one. Davis believed that the Republican national administration was partly responsible for his defeat, and relations between the governor and Washington were strained until he was removed from office by Democrats the following January in what is known as the Coke-Davis controversy.

From 1875 until his death Davis, contemporarily described as a "tall, gaunt, cold-eyed, rather commanding figure," headed the Republican party in Texas as chairman of the state executive committee. In 1880 he ran again for governor but was badly defeated by Oran M. Roberts. In 1882 he ran for Congress in the Tenth District against John Hancock, again unsuccessfully. He was nominated as collector of customs at Galveston in 1880 but refused the job because of his opposition to the administration of President Rutherford B. Hayes. Supporters recommended him for a cabinet position under President Chester A. Arthur, but he received no appointment. Davis died in Austin on February 7, 1883, and is buried there in the State Cemetery.


Jeff Davis (1862–1913)

Jeff Davis was a populist governor who railed against corporations and often resorted to race baiting in his campaigns. His tenure in office proved extremely divisive, creating for him many enemies. However, Davis dominated Democratic politics in the state in the early years of the twentieth century, being elected to the office of governor three times and going on to become a U.S. senator.

Jeff Davis was born on May 6, 1862, near Rocky Comfort (Little River County) to Lewis W. Davis, a Baptist preacher, lawyer, and county judge, and Elizabeth Phillips Scott. Named for the president of the Confederacy, Davis enjoyed a relatively privileged childhood. In 1869, his family moved to Dover (Pope County) and then, in 1873, moved to nearby Russellville (Pope County). He spent two years at the University of Arkansas (UA) in Fayetteville (Washington County) before transferring to Vanderbilt University, where he completed the two-year law program in one year but was not granted a diploma because he failed to meet the residency requirement. Through his father’s influence, however, he was admitted to the state bar at age nineteen. He later completed his law degree at Cumberland University in Tennessee in 1881 and became the junior partner of his father’s law firm.

In October 1882, Davis married Ina MacKenzie. She bore twelve children, eight of whom survived past infancy. She died in 1910, and a year later, Davis married Leila Carter of Ozark (Franklin County).

Selected as a presidential elector by the state Democratic convention, Davis stumped in 1888 for President Grover Cleveland, white supremacy, and “reform.” In 1890, he ran for district prosecuting attorney and narrowly won the Democratic nomination. Unopposed for reelection in 1892, he served until October 1894. Two years later, after giving up on a bid for Congress due to Pope County’s mixed support for his run, he became absorbed in the 1896 presidential campaign of William Jennings Bryan, again serving as a presidential elector for a time.

In 1898, Davis was elected state attorney general when the front-runner, Judge Frank Goar, suffered a fatal stroke. Davis became the most controversial and memorable attorney general in state history. By challenging the legality of the Kimball State House Act, which provided for construction of a new capitol building on the site of the existing state penitentiary, and by rendering a controversial extraterritorial interpretation of the Rector Antitrust Act, he triggered a series of political controversies. According to Davis, the Rector Act prohibited any trust from doing business in Arkansas, regardless of where it had been organized. In March 1899, he sued every fire insurance company doing business in the state, demanding that they withdraw from industrywide pricing agreements. The companies threatened to cancel policies by the hundreds, and outraged businessmen held protest meetings. Davis, supported by the state legislature, refused to back down, but the state Supreme Court overruled his interpretation.

In June 1900, he announced his candidacy for governor and embarked on a year-long campaign, visiting nearly every county. “The war is on,” he declared, “knife to knife, hilt to hilt, foot to foot…between the corporations…and the people.” Although the state press ridiculed him, and his four opponents branded him a demagogue, he won the most resounding political victory in state history, carrying seventy-four of seventy-five counties in the primary.

Davis’s governorship was marked by factionalism and polarization. In his first term, the most divisive issues were penal reform and the construction of a new statehouse. When the penitentiary buildings were demolished in the summer of 1899 to make way for the statehouse, the penitentiary board (made up of the governor and four other state officials) had to find a new home for several hundred inmates. The board leased nearly a third of the state’s prisoners to a ten-year contract, even though long-term convict-lease contracts violated state policy. Davis, for political and humanitarian reasons, demanded that the contract be annulled. Meanwhile, the legislature issued a mandate to begin building the new statehouse, but Davis unveiled his own plans to build on the foundation of the old statehouse. Critics charged that Davis knew his proposal was unrealistic and was using it to further postpone construction of a statehouse on the penitentiary grounds.

Davis’s handling of these issues left many Democratic leaders disgruntled, but the controversy that most shook the state party was his interference in the Senate race between incumbent James K. Jones, former chairman of the Democratic National Committee, and former governor James Paul Clarke. Ignoring an unwritten party rule against mixing gubernatorial and senatorial politics, Davis threw his support to Clarke, east Arkansas’s most powerful politician. Davis said Jones, who owned stock in the American Cotton Company, was a tool of the trusts. Jones and others persuaded Elias W. Rector, who had sponsored the 1899 antitrust act, to challenge Davis in the 1902 gubernatorial primary.

In the tumultuous campaign that followed, Davis emphasized Rector’s aristocratic background (his father was former governor Henry Massie Rector). But he eventually focused on Rector’s involvement in a conspiratorial “penitentiary ring,” an issue that had more to do with racial demagoguery than penal reform. Rector charged that Davis was a drunkard and a tool of the liquor interests. However, Davis won 66.1 percent of the vote.

In April 1902, a disciplinary committee at Second Baptist Church in Little Rock (Pulaski County) that included state Supreme Court justice Carroll Wood drew up a list of charges against Davis, accusing him of public drunkenness, chronic intemperance, and generally immoral behavior. Davis condemned the proceedings as a political witch-hunt, but in May, he was expelled from the congregation, an act that further polarized the state Democratic Party. Davis had previously resigned from his position as vice president of the Arkansas Baptist State Convention, to which he had been elected in 1901, after a feud with former governor and association president James Philip Eagle.

In January 1903, Davis devoted almost half of his inaugural address to criticizing the penitentiary board’s purchase of a tract of farm property, which he insisted was “unfit for a convict farm.” His attack led to an impeachment campaign. Despite an investigation, the effort failed. In the last weeks of the legislative session, Davis’s enemies dealt him one defeat after another, but this only steeled his defiance. In May, after announcing his intention to run for a third term, he issued an omnibus veto of more than 300 bills.

This set the stage for a tumultuous primary campaign, as Wood and two other challengers tried to put an end to “Jeff Davisism.” With the anti-Davis press mobilized as never before, the state was flooded with anti-Davis broadsides and pamphlets, rallies, and parades. Although Wood was the self-professed candidate of moderation and respectability, both sides resorted to demagoguery and personal invective, and on two occasions, the two candidates came to blows. Wood charged that Davis was morally unfit to be governor. Davis, relying on folksy rhetoric and a sharp wit, portrayed Wood as a dandified, trust-heeling city slicker. Davis won with 57.8 percent of the vote.

In his third term, Davis gained control of the legislature, which approved several of his pet projects, including an antitrust law and the reorganization of penitentiary management. But he continued to devote most of his time to political matters. In 1905, he challenged a former ally, U.S. senator James Henderson Berry, a Confederate veteran who had served in the Senate since 1885. In the senatorial primary, Berry was no match for the governor, especially after President Theodore Roosevelt visited Little Rock in October 1905. Davis turned the president’s visit into a white supremacist publicity stunt by devoting most of his welcoming speech to a defense of lynching. Refusing to attend a banquet in Roosevelt’s honor because former governor Powell Clayton had been invited, Davis turned the event into a major political issue. Despite his status as one of the last surviving Confederate officers, Berry was branded a traitor to the South for having attended the banquet. Davis defeated Berry in the 1906 primary.

Davis’s elevation to the Senate was a Pyrrhic victory, leading to a senatorial career that was little more than a “long anti-climax,” as one historian put it. The rough-and-tumble style of political combat that had been so effective in the back country seemed out of place in the nation’s capital. Soon after he arrived in Washington DC, he introduced an antitrust bill and delivered a long and impassioned harangue against “the malefactors of great wealth.” The speech drew criticism from the national press and several Senate colleagues. In April 1908, in an effort to get his antitrust bill out of committee, Davis apologized for his intemperate rhetoric and breach of senatorial etiquette, but it was too late. The press continued to portray him as a wild-eyed, backwoods buffoon, and he retreated into silence.

During his years in the Senate, a deteriorating power base in state politics compounded Davis’s problems. Determined to regain control of the governorship, less than two months after arriving in Washington he returned to Arkansas to campaign for his close friend Attorney General William F. Kirby, who was seeking the Democratic nomination. Kirby’s major opponent, George Washington Donaghey, was a prominent building contractor and progressive who was difficult to demonize. Despite Davis’s monumental stump speaking effort, Kirby was soundly defeated, dealing the Davis organization an electoral setback from which it never recovered.

Davis spent the rest of his career brooding about his lack of influence in Little Rock and Washington. In 1910, after supporting William Kavanaugh’s unsuccessful gubernatorial bid, Davis became embroiled in a controversy over the disposition of public land in east Arkansas. This apparent collusion with land speculators in the sunken lands controversy tarnished his reform image and accelerated his political decline. During his final years in the Senate, he spent less and less time in Washington. He barely survived a challenge from Representative Stephen Brundidge in 1912.

Davis’s reelection seemed to rekindle his interest in Washington and public policy, but his comeback was short lived. On January 3, 1913, two months before the expiration of his first term, Davis suffered a fatal stroke. His was one of the largest funerals in Little Rock history thousands of mourners paid respects. He is buried at Mount Holly Cemetery in Little Rock.

For additional information:
Arsenault, Raymond. The Wild Ass of the Ozarks: Jeff Davis and the Social Bases of Southern Politics. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988.

Donovan, Timothy P., Willard B. Gatewood Jr., and Jeannie M. Whayne, eds. The Governors of Arkansas: Essays in Political Biography. 2nd ed. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1995.

Jacobson, Charles. The Life Story of Jeff Davis. Little Rock: Parke-Harper, 1925.

Ledbetter Jr., Cal. “Jeff Davis and the Politics of Combat.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 33 (Spring 1974): 16–37.

Meriwether, Robert W. “Jeff Davis and Faulkner County Politics (1900–1908).” Faulkner Facts and Fiddlings 32 (Spring/Summer 1994): 8–27.

Mulhollan, Paige E. “The Issues of the Davis-Berry Senatorial Campaign of 1906.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 20 (Summer 1961): 118–126.

Niswonger, Richard L. “Arkansas Democratic Politics, 1896–1920.” PhD thesis, University of Texas, 1973.


Contents list

Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

Expand/collapse Series 1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated.

Arrangement: chronological. Please note that numbers in parentheses refer to an initial arrangement of the materials which may be referenced in the original finding aid.

This series contains scattered and largely unrelated papers, many containing significant information on political and military affairs, others chiefly of interest as autographs, primarily relating to the South. The papers primarily address military activities during the American Revolutionary War and post-Revolutionary War politics. Other papers relate to French attempts at colonization in the 16th century, 18th-century colonial history of the Carolinas, land and property, legal issues, and matters regarding relations with Native American nations. There are a few papers related to enslavement of African Americans in the South, which include a list of people enslaved by Richard Cooper in 1756 (folder 31) a letter placing a value on enslaved people at a plantation in 1791 (folder 248) and a bill of sale for an enslaved woman named Diana in 1834 (folder 311). Papers include letters, land grants, deeds and surveys, indentures, military orders, commissions, administrative documents, petitions, bills of sale, arrest warrants, and one volume.

There are nine documents from the 16th and 17th century. Notable papers include a letter of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny to Catherine de Medeci documents of Charles IX and an origninal grant from 1682 of 6,000 acres in South Carolina to John Smith, a sugar refiner in Surrey, England, bearing the seals and signatures of the Earl of Shaftsbury, the Earl of Craven, the Earl of Bathe signing for Lord Carteret, and Sir Peter Colleton.

A significant portion of the collection relates to the American Revolutionary War in the South, 1775-1883, particularly the Carolinas, Georgia, and Virginia. These include letters and other documents of military and civic leaders regarding administrative details, troop movements, supplies, and prisoners. A series of letters, 1774-1779, from John Pringle (1753-1843) of South Carolina discusses American Revolutionary diplomacy from Europe, and British attitudes toward the war (folders 59 and 104). Another series of letters relates to the siege and capture of Charleston, S.C., 1780. Three of these letters from Sir Henry Clinton to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding the terms of surrender are believed to have been written by Major John Andre, acting as aide to Clinton (folders 129-138). Other important letters include one from General Horatio Gates to General Nathanael Greene, 4 December 1780, written two days after he had been replaced by Greene, asking Greene for a court-martial to pass upon Gate's conduct at the Battle of Camden (folder 147) and a letter from William Smallwood, 6 December 1780, to General Greene, relating to Colonel William Washington's victory in the "Quaker Gun" battle with Colonel Ridgely and 112 Tory officers and men (folder 148)

Persons represented in this series include: John Ashe (1720?-1781), Theodore Broughton, William Bull (1710-1791), Thomas Burke (circa 1747-1783), Richard Caswell (1729-1789), Gaspard de Coligny (1519-1572), Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805), Horatio Gates (1728-1806), Alexander Gillon (1741-1794), James Glen (1701-1777), Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), Wade Hampton (1754-1835), Cornelius Harnett (1723-1781), Patrick Henry (1736-1799), William Howe (1732-1786), Allen Jones (1729-1793), Henry Laurens (1724-1792), John Laurens (1754-1782), John Alexander Lillington (1725-1786), Francis Marion (1732-1795), Alexander Martin (1740-1807), Abner Nash (1740-1786), Thomas Pinckney (1750-1828), Griffith Rutherford (1721-1805), John Rutledge (1739-1800), Jethro Sumner (1733-1785), Nicholas Trott (1663-1740), and William Tryon (1729-1788).

Original finding aid #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 1a

List of manuscripts donated, 1958 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 1

Letter patent, Lyon 1560, granted by King Charles IX of France (1) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 2

Letter patent granting to Germain Camyan, prison governor, annual sum to be passed to treasury accounts.

Letter of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny to Catherine de Medici, 12 March 1562 (2) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 3

Letter denying complicity on Coligny's role in an assassination.

Charles IX, King of France, circa 1560-1574 (3) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 4

Charles IX, 1568 (3) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 5

Vellum document ordering an accounting to Sieur de Montal for the sum of 1250 livres.

Francis Walsingham, June 1578 (4) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 6

Letter to Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland.

Lord Leicester, November 1586 (5) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 7

Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Diplomatic communication in French signed by Lord Leicester concerning remonstrance of the estates of the Low Countries against encroachments of Spain. Includes four mezzotint engravings of him.

Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, 29 December 1592 (6A) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 8

George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, 27 September 1668 (6B) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 9

Order for delivery of two wagons to Lieutenant Colonel Grey, for baggage and arms.

Folder 10 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 10

Lord Proprietors of Carolina, 20 June 1682 (7a) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OP-3406/1a

Two original vellum documents, lease and release, granting 6,000 acres in Carolina to Landgrave John Smith of Surrey, Refiner, and his wife Anne. Signatures and seals of Earl of Craven and Earl of Bathe signing for Lord Carteret, and Sir Peter Colleton. This grant covers the Medway Plantation in South Carolina.

Certificate of Lord Montagu, 5 September 1772 (7) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/1b

Attests to the correctness of copies of indentures conveying the same tract of land from the 1682 grant from Anne Smith to nephew John Smith, 1 December 1709 also by John Smith to Joseph Boone, 20 November 1711.

William III to the governor of Virginia, 2 February 1700 (257) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 11

Letter sent in the name of the king, signed by James Vernon, to the governor of Virginia directing that all pirates be sent to England for trial, and instructing him to notify the governors of North Carolina and South Carolina.

Folder 12 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 12

Petition to Queen Anne, 24 April 1707 (8) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/2

Petition to Queen Anne by members of the House of Commons of South Carolina to consider address agreed upon before House was summarily dissolved by the governor. Signatures are John Ashe, Thomas Jones, David Davis, James Witter, John Pendarvis, Thomas Grimball, John Raven, John Honone, William Casper, Jno. Wright, Ja. Cochran, Jno. Fenwicke, Thos. Nairne, Jonth. Drake, Tho. Lynch, Samuel Eveleigh, Geo. Smith, Robert Stanwick, William Beker, Tho. Smith, Jos. Morton, Robert Stevens, John Strode, and William Elliott.

Edmund Jenings, 1708 (258) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 13

Two letters to "My Lord" in England, sending reports as president of the Council of Virginia, refererring to French privateers, alliances and trade with people of the Saponi Indian Tribe, disputes with the Tuscarora Nation, and North Carolina Quakers.

Viscount Stormont, 9 March 1709 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 14

Letter to Mr. Hamilton, introducing Duke of Braganca.

Alexander Spotswood, 27 February 1711 (259) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 15

Letter from Alexander Spotswood of Williamsburg, Va., to someone in a neighboring colony, probably New York, about reimbursement for money advanced by Spotswood, war with the Tuscarora Nation in North Carolina, John Barnwell of South Carolina, and his differences with the Virginia Assembly.

Robert Daniell, governor of South Carolina, 20 July 1714-19 October 1714 (10A) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 16

Series of documents signed by Judge Robert Daniell. 20 July 1714, warrant for arrest of Samuel Masters Cooper 5 October 1714, warrant arrest of Lewis Lansaco 15 October 1714, attachment of goods 19 October 1714, attachment of goods for debt.

Charles Craven, 1714-1715 (9) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 17

2 February 1714, grant to Joseph Boone and survey attested by Thomas Broughton, surveyor general of South Carolina 4 February 1714, Grant of one town lot in New London, Colleton County, S.C., to Joseph Boone 12 October 1715, affidavit attested by Craven.

Charles Craven, 12 October 1715 (10B) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 18

Affidavit attested by Craven.

South Carolina, 1715-1716 (11) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/3

Grant to Catherine Lapostre of 100 acres in Barkeley County, S.C., with certificate of survey attached

Nicholas Trott, 1725 (12) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 19

Blank attachment signed by Nicholas Trott as chief justice of South Carolina. Also included is undated manuscript ascribed to Trott, on proper swearing of witnesses, oaths of allegiance and fealty.

Carolina royalties, 25 July 1729 (13A) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 20

Order for surrender of 22,500 pounds from Carolina royalties, etc. Signed by by R. Walpole, Geo. Doddington, and William Clayton.

"Memorial and Representation" from General Assembly of South Carolina, 9 April 1734 (13B) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 21

Document addressed to King George II requesting protection for the British colony from French colonies, Choctaw Nation, and Creek Nation. Signed by President Thomas Broughton, Speaker Paul Jenys, and Governor Robert Johnson.

Thomas Broughton, 3 December 1736 (14) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/4a

Document signed by Governor Thomas Broughton of South Carolina, and members of the Council: Arthur Middleton, James Kinlock, Robert Wright, John Fenwick, Joseph Wragg, and Thomas Waring.

Conveyance: South Carolina, 22 September 1737 (15) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/4b

Conveyance of land in Berkeley County, S.C., from Thomas Smith to Joseph Hurst.

Deed: Charles Codner, 5 January 1739 (16) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/4c

Deed to Thomas Arkin of Craven County, S.C.

Daily Gazetteer of London, 10 June 1740 (16B) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 22

London Daily Gazetteer containing news from Charleston, S.C., about the attack on St. Augustine in Spanish Florida by South Carolina and Georgia troops under Oglethorpe and refers to a "large Body of Indians," who were likely people of the Creek Nation and Chickasaw Nations, and Uchee Band.

North Carolina colonial currency, 4 April 1748-1780 (17) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 23

North Carolina colonial currency. Original of 1748 currency transferred to North Carolina Collection Gallery in 1997. Currency from 1780 is one of each: $50.00, $100.00, and $250.00

James Graeme, 1 January 1750 (18) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 24

Warrant for arrest of Mathew Beard signed by Graeme as chief justice of Charleston, S.C. Related item in folder 26.

James Glen, 3 May 1751 (19) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 25

Appointment of administrator signed by Glen, governor of South Carolina, and William Pinckney.

James Glen, 6 November 1751 (20) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/5

Grant of 350 acres in Craven County, S.C., to John Collins with attached certificate of survey.

James Graeme, 2 June 1752 (21) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 26

Warrent for arrest of Richard Saunders, signed by Graeme as chief justice of Charleston, S.C. Related item in folder 24.

James Graeme, 18 August 1752 (22) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/6

Commission authorizing Robert Stiell to take deposition of Esther Seawright regarding sale of property by William Seawright to James Michie.

Alexander Stewart, 5 April 1753 (23) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/7

Court of Chancery, Charleston, S.C. Appointment of John Harleston, Daniel Huger, Francis Lejeau, and Samuel Thomas as board of four to settle estate of John Paget.

James Wright, 4 October 1753 (279) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 27

Receipt for Wright's salary as attorney general of Georgia.

Robert Dinwiddie, 13 June 1755 (260) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 28

Robert Dinwiddie, governor of Virginia, to Governor Horatio Sharpe of Maryland, Fort Duquesne expedition, recruiting and appropriations for the French and Indian War.

Estate of Robert Johnson, 16 August 1755 (280) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 29

Notice of appointment of appraisers of the estate of Robert Johnson, ship carpenter, and oath taken by the appraisers, with their signatures, including that of William Erven, later governor of Georgia.

William Bull, 7 October 1755 (24) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 30

Summons attested by William Bull, justice of South Carolina.

John Reynolds, 31 October 1755-1 September 1756 (281) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 31

Three autographs of John Reynolds, colonial governor of Georgia. 31 October 1755, appointing appraisers for estate of Aimie Prunieres 8 May 1756, appointment for estate of Richard Cooper, and "Inventory of the goods, chattels of Rich Cooper," which includes a list of enslaved people 1 September 1756, copy of the will of Patrick Clark and the affidavit of one witness, John Tinley, made before Reynolds.

William Henry Lyttelton, 6 July 1756 (25) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 32

Lyttelton was governor of South Carolina. Affidavit regarding supplies for His Majesty's ships.

Henry Ellis, 19 August 1757-7 October 1760 (282) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 33

Five autographs of Henry Ellis, governor of Georgia. 19 August 1757, appointment of appraisers for estate of Richard Miller 6 December 1757, warrant for 300 acres for Richard Scruggs, with attached survey 1 November 1759, appointment of appraisers for estate of John Peter Port 3 September 1760, warrant for 150 acres at Midway to Daniel Donovan 7 October 1760, warrant for 50 acres to David Dicks.

Folder 34 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 34

Richard Cumberland, 12 June 1759 (26) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/8

Letters patent to Richard Cumberland as provost marshall of South Carolina to succeed Thomas Lowndes and Hugh Watson, deceased. Issued by command of, but not signed by, George II.

George III, 30 June 1760 (27) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 35

Salary warrant of George III authorizing payment to Arthur Dobbs, governor of North Carolina, of 1,000 pounds per year from duties in lieu of same payment formerly made from quit rents of the province.

William Simpson, 24 July 1761 (28) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/9

William Simpson was chief justice of South Carolina. Document conveying land from Mathew Cross and his wife to Sarah Bonneau of St. Thomas.

Marmaduke Jones, 1761-1762 (29) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 36

Two pages removed from original minute book of the Superior Court, Wilmington, N.C., signed by Chief Justice Charles Berry, Stephen Dewey and Marmaduke Jones records appointment of Jones and Jaspar Charlton as justices of the Supreme Court.

Thomas Stevens, 16 March 1762 (30) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 37

Letter to Thomas Hancock of Boston, Mass.

Charles Skinner, 6 July 1762 (31) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 38

Warrant for arrest of Thomas Little, also signed by J. Rutledge.

Lord Egremont, 10 July 1762 (32) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 39

Letter from Attorney General Lord Egremont to Governor Sharpe of Maryland, censuring the Assembly for its failure to provide supplies requisitioned by the King.

Lord William Campbell, 10 October 1762 (33) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 40

Naval instructions by Lord William Campbell, governor of South Carolina.

William Keppel, 13 August 1763 (33b) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 41

William Keppel, British officer, to William Adams, regarding military affairs and troops going to Ireland.

William Tryon, Governor of North Carolina, 8 May 1765 (34) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 42

Commission of John McKildo as Sheriff of Tyrel County, N.C.

Folder 43 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 43

South Carolina Indenture, 27 July 1765 (35) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/10

Deed of land from Henry Dongworth to Joseph Kershaw of 100 acres owned by Dongworth under original grant of 1761.

William Tryon, 2 September 1765 (36) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 44

Appointment of Reverend James Reed as rector of Christ Church, Craven County.

William Bull, 16 May 1766-3 April 1775 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/11

Governor William Bull of South Carolina, grant of land in Craven County, S.C., to Joseph Kershaw, with attached certificate of survey conveyances to Aaron Loocock, John English, John Cantey, John King, Thomas English, John Sutton, James Hinds, and William Scott.

James Wright, 18 December 1766 (283) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 45

Thomas Polk, 15 January 1767 (290) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 46

Signature as witness of Richard Buckelew being bound to Henry Eustace McCulloh in North Carolina Province.

James Wright, 10 June 1767 (283) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 47

Appointment of appraisers for estate of Thomas Hogg.

Lord Montagu, 20 August 1767-28 November 1771 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/12

Grant of land in Craven County, S.C. to William Randols, with attached certificate of survey conveyances to Eleanor Thomson, John Cantey, Charles Ogelvie, Alex Brodie, and John Payne.

Lord Montagu, 17 October 1767 (39) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 48

Petition for guardianship.

Folder 49 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 49

South Carolina Indenture, 7 November 1768 (40) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/13

Deed of land from James Carson to James Chestnut, Craven County.

William Tryon, November 1768-16 December 1769 (41) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/14

Pay certificates of Edward Vail and William Branch as members of the North Carolina Assembly from Chowan. Endorsed on back by Governor William Tryon of North Carolina 6 December 1768, warrant for payment to Robert Harris, colonel of the Granville Battalion, of allowance as officer on public service at Hillsborough 16 December 1769, grant of land to Richard Caswell in Dobbs County.

James Wright, will of Ludwig Neidman, 18 October 1769 (283) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 50

Appointment of appraisers for the estate of John Mayer.

Folder 51 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 51

South Carolina Indenture, 1 February 1771 (42) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/15

Indenture covering transfer of 660 acres in Granville County.

Earl of Hillsborough, 3 July 1771 (291) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 52

Earl of Hillsborough, Whitehall, transmitting to the deputy governor of Pennsylvania documents disallowing law passed by the colonial legislature.

James Habersham, 2 September 1771 (284) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 53

Autographs of James Habersham.

James Habersham, 21 October 1771 (284) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 54

Appointment of appraisers for the estate of John Gionovole, with attached inventor and appraisal.

Sir Peter Chester, Governor of West Florida, 1 September 1772 (43) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 55

Land grant to John Falconer with attached certificate of survey.

Robert Howe, 9 March 1773 (44) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 56

Jo. Martin's order to pay Captain Robert Howe for garrisoning Fort Johnston.

Folder 57 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 57

Alexander Gillon, 19 May 1773 (45) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/16

Charleston, S.C., indenture signed by Albert Smith and Alexander Gillon, exectutors of the estate of Richard Beresford.

Jethro Sumner, 21 August 1773 (46) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 58

Receipt to William Branch, high sheriff of Halifax County, N.C., for two men charged with felonies in Bute County, N.C., Signed by Sumner as sheriff of Bute. See related items in folders 66, 144, and 146.

John Pringle, 30 July 1774-7 August 1775 (47) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 59

Letters from John Pringle of Charleston, S.C., to William Tilghman of Philadelphia, Pa. Letters dated 30 July 1774-13 December 1774 written from Charleston and centers of political situation, mentioning names of members of the South Carolina Continental Congress: Thomas Lynch, Henry Middleton, John Rutledge, Christopher Gadsen, and Edwward Rutledge. Letters from 22 April 1775-7 August 1775 are written from London, England, and focus on England's views and reactions to armed conflict with Americans. See related item in folder 104.

William Manning, 16 January 1775 (48) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 60

Letters to Henry Laurens of Charleston, S.C. from his agent William Manning in London, England, dated 16 January 1775-21 March 1776, that gives his account of political developments in London and attitudes of various important individuals toward the American colonies.

William Houston, governor of Georgia, 15 July 1775 (285) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 61

Receipt to Couper & Telfair for funds, and duplicates.

Folder 62 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 62

William Campbell, governor of South Carolina, 28 July 1775 (49) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/17

Grant of land in Camden to Thomas Singleton, with attached certificate of survey.

John Laurens, 4 September 1775 (50) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 63

Letter to Laurens's father regarding the political situation in England, expressing desire to return home for public service, and describing English schools which he is considering for his son. See related item in folder 77.

Pennyslvania Evening Post , 1775-1776 (51) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 64

Series of newspapers from 13 April 1775-28 May 1776, containing military news, including news from Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.

Charles Lee, 13 April 1776 (261) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 65

Charles Lee of Williamsburg, Va., to the Committee of Safety of North Carolina, regarding equipment and troops.

Jethro Sumner, 30 May 1776 (52) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 66

Bute County, N.C., letter to Colonel John Floyd, Fincastle County, Va. Delivered warrant from Lord Dunmore for 2,000 acres in Fincastle to Mr. Wm. Russell on 19 March 1774 with five pounds of Virginia money and draft on Robert Turnbull or Charles Duncan of Hanford, Va., for balance of fees. Russell was never heard from, and letter asks that Floyd attend to survey, and that he will gladly pay an extra fee for a good location. See related items in folders 58, 144, and 146.

General James Moore, 24 June 1776 (53) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 67

Letter to Cornelius Harnett, president of the Council of Safety, asking that militia under General Ashe be added to his force or removed to prevent friction. Related letter in folder 73.

James Alexander, 3 September 1776 (54) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 68

Charlotte Town, Mecklenburg County, S.C. Letter to Alexander's aunt, Mrs. Mary Cox in Baltimore, Md. Alexander discusses the siege of Charleston, S.C., and his roles as school teacher and soldier.

Henry Laurens, 8 September 1776 (55) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 69

Laurens, writing from Charleston, S.C., to his brother James Laurens in London, England, expressing sorrow at change due "wicked and misinformed administration."

John Matthews, 17 September 1776 (56) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 70

Warrant for arrest of Alexander Cameron.

John Rutledge, 20 November 1776 (57) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 71

Rutledge was governor of South Carolina. Unsigned and unsealed privateer commission. Related items in folders 84, 116, and 124.

Archibald Bullock, 22 November 1776-13 February 1777 (286) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 72

Autographs of Archibald Bullock, governor of Georgia. 22 November 1776, will of Mary Powell and affidavit of one of the witnesses before Bullock 15 January 1777, appointment of appraisers for estate of John Davis 13 February 1777, appointment of John Wereat and William Erven to administer oath of probate to witnesses of Patrick Mackay's will.

James Moore, 1 April 1777 (58) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 73

Letter to Governor Richard Caswell of North Carolina regarding troop movements. See related item in folder 67.

Richard Caswell, 10 July 1777 (59) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 74

Letter from Caswell, governor of North Carolina, to Major William Davidson, deploring lack of discipline and ordering removal of forces to Halifax leaving one officer of each company for recruiting services expects money for bounty and pay to arrive from Philadelphia, Pa. tells of engagement at Brunswick and retreat of British at Amboy. See related items in folders 94 and 110.

Thomas Burke, 22 July 1777 (60) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 75

Letter to Governor Caswell of North Carolina reporting battle of Ticonderoga and giving news of General Howe and General Washington. See related items in folders 81, 83 and

John White, 30 August 1777 (61) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 76

Letter giving instructions regarding orders for supplies. See related items in folders 92 and 114.

John Laurens, 1778 (72) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 77

Letter to DuPonceau written in English, German, French, Latin, Greek, Italian, and Spanish. See related item in folder 63.

Bond of John Rains, privateer, 6 January 1778 (287) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 78

Bond signed by Samuel Elbert, Joseph Clay, Edward Telfain, James Habersham, and John Rains to Governor John Adam Treutlen of Georgia, as security covering application for letters of marque and reprisal, to act as a privateer against British shipping. Rains was probably the master of the ship.

Hezekiah Alexander, 16 February 1778 (62) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 79

Signature as witness to will of James Orr of Mecklenberg.

Cornelius Harnett, 20 March 1778 (63) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 80

Letter to Governor Caswell of North Carolina regarding shortage of provisions for army.

Thomas Burke, 21 May 1778 (64) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 81

Agreement with William O'Neal and Co. to purchase 30 horses. See related items in folders 75, 83, and 180.

Patrick Henry and Thomas Madison, 3 June 1778 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 82

Thomas Burke, July 1788 (66) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 83

Letter to Elbridge Gerry regarding treaty of alliance with France, inability of England to continue the war, and his vision of the greatness of the United States. See related items in folders 75, 81, and 180.

John Rutledge, 9 July 1778 (65) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 84

Letter to Benjamin Franklin introducing Mr. Gillen. Includes two engravings of Rutledge. See related items in folders 71, 116, and 124.

F. Prosser, 5 September 1778 (292) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 85

Letter to Patrick Henry, enclosing 1,000 pounds to be turned over to state treasury.

Rawlins Lowndes, 16 September 1778 (67) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 86

Letter to Thos. Young regarding administration of oath of allegiance and forfeiture of estates.

Barth Dondridge and Walter Coles, 23 October 1778 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 87

Binding document signed by Dondridge and Coles.

Ephraim Blaine, 2 November 1778 (294) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 88

Ephraim Blaine of Philadelphia, Pa., to John L. Howell regarding purchase of grain "on acct. of the public."

John Ashe, 17 December 1778 (68) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 89

Letter to John Court directing him to proceed to Charleston, S.C., with pork purchased by Thomas Amis, contractor for Wilmington District for use of North Carolina troops raised to aid South Carolina and Georgia. See related item in folder 121.

Griffith Rutherford, 20 December 1778 (69) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 90

Letter from Brigadier General Rutherford, at camp near Ten Miles House, to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding his plan to advance his command nearer headquarters in order to find a better place for encampment.

Isaac Huger, 29 December 1778 (70) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 91

Return of officers and men of 3rd and 5th Regiments of South Carolina, commanded by Huger, and of the Carolina Corps of Artillery, commanded by Colonel Owen Roberts, missing after the Battle of Savannah.

Colonel John White, 31 December 1778 (71) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 92

Return of officers, men, guns, ammunition, and small arms on ten war vessels commanded by White. See related items in folders 76 and 114.

General Stephen Bull, 22 January 1779 (73) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 93

Letter to General Lincoln sending deposition of prisoner regarding British plans to attack Fort Lyttleton, Beaufort, and the Island of Port Royal. He describes positions, indicates defense available and asks Lincoln's opinion and orders. See related item in folder 98.

Richard Caswell, 23 February 1779 (74) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 94

Receipt for tax money paid by sheriff of Beaufort, N.C. See related items in folders 74 and 110.

Peter Timothy, 5 March 1779 (75) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 95

Timothy was a printer from Charleston, S.C. Letter regards sending papers and requesting his correspondent to reply in kind late Antigua, St. Kitts, English, Irish, and Scotch papers which fell into his hands by capture.

John Habersham, 7 March 1779 (288) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 96

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln informing him of the escape of two American officers who broke parole, asking for their return to the British.

Colonel J.C. Senf, 7 April 1779 (77) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 97

Letter from Senf in Camp Orangeburgh to Colonel Grimke in General Lincoln's camp. Letter is personal, but contains comments on military events as well.

Stephen Bull, 10 April 1779 (76) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 98

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln giving report of his own command and also news secured from British deserters. See related item in folder 93.

Thomas Pinckney, 18 April 1779 (78) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 99

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding exchange of prisoner and cautioning officers not to ride alone for fear of retaliations by a deserter.

General Andrew Williamson, 24 April 1779 (79) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 100

Letter from camp near Adams Ferry to General Benjamin Lincoln reporting strength and plans of British troops in the Carolinas. See related item in folder 102.

Brigadier General Lachlan McIntosh, 30 April 1779 (80) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 101

Personal letter written from Camp Middlebrook to Henry Laurens. Letter tells of Washington's plans to send him south, his views on colonial policies concerning American Indians, and reports of military action around "Shruesbury." Photograph of McIntosh's grave is included.

General Andrew Williamson, 1 May 1779 (81) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 102

Letter from camp near Adams Ferry to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding prisoners and funds for "secret service." See related item in folder 100.

Charles Alexander and James Alexander, 9 June 1779 (83) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 103

John Pringle, 20 June 1779 (84) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 104

Letter written from Amsterdam, The Netherlands, to unknown recipient. Letter discusses successes of American privateers, attitudes of various U.S. delegates regarding him, and travel plans. See related item in folder 59.

William Thomson, 25 June 1779 (82) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/18

Deed to Robert Pringle of land in South Carolina, on north side of Congaree River.

Allen Jones, 1 July 1779 (85) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 105

"A general return of the Halifax Brigade."

General Benjamin Lincoln, 9 July 1779 (86) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 106

Letter from Charleston, S.C., to delegates from Massachusetts Bay to Continental Congress. Lincoln, fearing another attack on St. Augustine, asks delegates what they can do to assist. See related items in folders 138 and 190.

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, 22 July 1779 (87) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 107

Letter to General Lincoln sending captured letter and prisoners.

Robert Howe, 30 July 1779 (88) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 108

Letter to Henry Laurens thanking him for letter and saying he is marching to Ridgefield. Includes engraving of Howe.

Allen Jones, 7 August 1779 (90) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 109

Letter to North Carolina Governor Richard Caswell, advising six British officers broke parole and escaped, and that the men were in poor condition, too ill to guard the prisoners.

Richard Caswell, 8 August 1779 (89) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 110

Letter to Governor Rutledge adivising North Carolina Continental troops marching to upper part of South Carolina number only 300. Militia is drafted but is held on call subject to governor's orders. Also includes instructions as to time, route and provision supply of march. See related items in folders 74 and 94.

Jonathan Bryan, 20 August 1779 (91) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 111

Letter to John Houstown of South Carolina. Bryon is on parole in Long Island, N.Y., and is anxious for news from South Carolina.

George Melven, 25 August 1779 (92) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 112

Sends letter by Mr. Carpenter who recently escaped from Savannah, and his account of the British troops there.

Thomas Rutledge, 25 September 1779 (93) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 113

Letter regarding rice supply for Count D'Estaing, mentioning vessels in harbor and where supplies are stored and expected. Think salt and rum should be purchased in Savannah and is sending Mr. McCullough to discuss the matter. See related item in folder 136.

John White, 1 October 1779 (94) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 114

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln recounting capture of 141 prisoners, receipt of latter attested in Lincoln's hand on letter. See related items in folders 76 and 92.

Augustine Prevost, 10 October 1779 (95) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 115

British General Prevost to General Benjamin Lincoln relating to truce with the Count D'Estaing to search swamp for wounded and to the exchange of prisoners.

John Rutledge, 1 December 1779 (96) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 116

Affidavit of Phillip Smith, executor of the estate of James Skirving, Jr., regarding African American hire for work at batteries of Chapman's Bluff and Field's Bluff on February and March of 1779, attested by James Skriving. See related items in folders 84 and 124.

Colonel John Hamilton-Captain W. Jackson, 3 December 1779 (97) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 117

Agreement between Colonel John Hamilton, commissioner appoionted by Major General Prevost and Captain W. Jackson, aide to General Benjamin Lincoln, that Captain Espey can be exchanged for nine British prisoners whose parole had been delivered to Colonel Hamilton.

Rancis Marion, 9 December 1799 (98) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 118

Letter reporting capture of prisoners, refusal to grant flag of truce to citizens who wish to pass through the lines unless they have the permission of the governor, desertion of his waggoner and lack of clothing and food, men doing field duty without shoes. See related items in folders 126, 164, and 188.

Alexander Lillington, 18 December 1779 (99) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 119

Letter to Governor Richard Caswell of North Carolina, reporting the failure of all colonels except Colonel Rhoads to provide properly for their men, and asking the governor's assistance. See related item in folder 125.

Major Alexander Noble, 18 December 1779 (100) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 120

Letter written from camp at Two Sister's Ferry to General Moultrie reporting his arrival with 34 men of Colonel Picken's regiment, with more men expected.

John Ashe, 23 December 1779 (101) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 121

Letter written from Camp Butlers Creek to General Lincoln reporting delay due to lack of provisions and plans to proceed to McBean Creek as soon as his command has been fed. See related item in folder 89.

Patrick Henry, 23 December 1779, and undated (263) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 122

Memorandum of account with Samuel Beale, who paid 3,000 pound to Mr. Lomax in settlement of Henry's bond to Lomax. Undated letter from David Ross to Henry sending money for hiring enslaved people and asking Henry's support as a candidate for the legislature from Fluvanna County.

Robert Heriot, 30 December 1779 (102) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 123

Letter to Rutledge asking that cannon and stores be sent by coasting vessel commanded by Joseph Immanuel send report of deserters held in jail Captain Davis to be relieved by another artillery officer.

John Rutledge, 1 January 1780 (103) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 124

Certificate of service of Edward Lloyd in Fourth Continental Regiment of South Carolina. See related items in folders 71, 84 and 116.

General John Alexander Lillington, 13 January 1780 (104) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 125

Letter probably written to governor of South Carolina regarding travel to Charleston to join South Carolina and Georgia Troops. He writes that his men are poorly equipped and they are without funds. He has heard there is smallpox in Charleston and if so, he will not take his men in. See related item in folder 119.

General Francis Marion, 13 January 1780 (105) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 126

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding possibility of attacking enemy posts, gives location and strength of each post, mentions presence of Cherokee people and enslaved people near posts, and mentions lack of horses and wagons. See related items in folders 118, 164, and 188.

Lord Rawdon, Earl of Moira, 23 January 1780 (106) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 127

Letter regarding enlisting of New Jersey men in British army. See related items in folders 157 and 176.

Samuel Elbert, 3 February 1780 (289) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 128

Receipt for brigadier general's subsistence allowance.

D. Horry, 9 February 1780 (107) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 129

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln at Charleston, S.C., telling of the arrival of British vessels headed to Charleston and related military news.

Samuel Huntington, 6 March 1780 (108) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 130

Letter from president of Continental Congress to General Benjamin Lincoln commanding at Charleston, S.C., announcing Congress will aid him in defense of Charleston and the Southern states.

General B. Wallace, 9 March 1780 (109) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 131

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln at Charleston, S.C., reporting position of enemy.

Siege of Charleston, S.C., 27 March 1780-26 April 1780, and undated (110a) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 132

Letters and documents related to the siege and capture of Charleston, S.C., and the aftermath. 27 March 1780, Minutes of Council, held by General Benjamin Lincoln, to consider evacuation of Fort Moultrie 26 April 1780, Minutes of Council to consider evacuation of Charleston undated manuscript of Colonel Laumoy, "Memorial Concerning the Safety of the State of South Carolina in General and Charleston in Particular."

Sir Henry Clinton, 21 April 1780-11 May 1780 (110b) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 133

Three letters from Sir Henry Clinton to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding terms of surrender of Charleston.

Christopher Gadsden, 5 May 1780 (111) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 134

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln enclosing resolve of Council regarding exemption from military duty of firement, and reports on quantities of provisions in private hands.

Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot, 12 May 1780 (110c) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 135

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding a meeting between Major Andre and Colonel Ternant.

Thomas Rutledge, 13 May 1780 (110d) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 136

Letter to General Benjamin Lincoln regarding surrender of Charleston being imputed to Rutledge because he failed to supply the army with provisions, especially salt. He reviews the situation from the time he was appointed commissary and believes Lincoln understands and approves his execution of that duty. See related item in folder 113.

Charleston generals, 19 May 1780 (110e) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 137

Protest to General Benjamin that General Clinton is not carrying out terms of Capituation Agreement. Signed by Brigadier Generals Moultrie, Woodford, Scott, and McIntosh. Also includes engraving of McIntosh.

General Benjamin Lincoln, 22 May 1780 (110F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 138

Letter to General Lachlen McIntosh assuring him no complaint of his conduct has been made by the army, and adding his own appreciation of McIntosh's conduct as an officer in his department. See related items in folders 106 and 190.

Wade Hampton, 10 June circa 1780 (112) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 139

Fragmentary letter to Major General Greene reporting several murders on the road from Granby to Ninety-Six and Augusta

Joseph Horry, 18 June 1780 (113) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 140

Note for ten guineas in favor of Jacob Road.

Abner Nash, 4 September 1780 (115) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 141

Letter to Brigadier General Jethro Sumner urging him to leave Ramsey's and advising him regarding food and troops. See related item in folder 143.

Lord Cornwallis, 5 September 1780 (114) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 142

Letter to Lieutenant Colonel Clarke, commanding His Majesty's troops in Georgia and east Florida, giving orders and telling of success of British at Camden, also stating his intention to march immediately into North Carolina. See related item in folder 155.

Abner Nash, 13 September, 1780 (116) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 143

Letter to Brigadier General Jethro Sumner to proceed at once with troops to Charlotte to join the forces there. See related item in folder 141.

Jethro Sumner, 1 October 1780 (117) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 144

Writing from camp at McGoon's Creek to Hon. John Penn regarding campaign around Charlotte and Guilford Court House. Also writes about troublesome volunteers whose enlistment is up and Tories. See related items in folders 58, 66, and 146.

Alexander Martin, 13 October 1780 (118) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 145

Letter to Brigadier General Jethro Sumner regarding Sumner's request that General Gates approve his declining Militia Command, which Gates had submitted to the War Board.

Jethro Sumner, 4 November 1780 (119) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 146

Letter to General Gates regarding the illness of his family. See related items in folders 58, 66, and 144.

General Horatio Gates, 4 December 1780 (120) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 147

Letter to General Greene asking court martial to pass upon his conduct at the Battle of Camden. Includes engraving of Gates. See related item in folder 174.

William Smallwood, 6 December 1780 (121) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 148

Letter to General Greene regarding sending out General Morgan with 500 infantry and Lieutenant Colonel Washington with 100 cavalry to guard a wagon train, on intelligence of which British retreatd without attacking. He related Washington's victory in his "Quaker Gun" battle with Colonel Rudgely, Major Cook and 112 Tory officers and men.

Nathanael Greene, 15 December 1780 (122) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 149

Letter written at Camp Charlotte to Brigadier General Jethro Sumner, sending resolution to the Congress regarding rehabilitation of the Continental Army ordering a rendezvous of all state soldiers at Hillsborough, re-equiping of troops and report of all men available.

Nathanael Greene, 1 February 1781 (123) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 150

General's orders. Reports British crossing Catawba orders all militia to assemble at David Carr's between Baley's Ford and Salisbury revokes previous orders for defense of fords.

Thomas Bee, 5 February 1781 (124) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 151

Letter to Captain William Jackson, aide to General Benjamin Lincoln, telling him of the scarcity of money in the Treasury.

Baron Steuben, 11 February 1781 (264) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 152

Letter to Brigadier General George Weedon, asking his attendance at an adjourned meeting of officers.

R. Rutherford, 9 April 1781 (125) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 153

Letter reporting rumors that Corwallis is 25 miles ahead of General Greene and near navigation, and that the British burning and plundering on the banks of the Potomac as high as Port Tobacco in Maryland.

General Pinkentham Eaton, 13 April 1781 (126) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 154

Letter written at Camp Chatham Courthouse to General Jethro Sumner concerning detachment of Colonel William Linton's troops which have been turned over to Eaton, and which Nathanael Greene has ordered to march immediately to headquarters.

Lord Cornwallis, 18 April 1781 (127) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 155

Fragmentary orders to Captain Cornwallis to meet Lieutenant Colonel Carrington of General Green's staff to negotiate exchange of prisoners.

John Matthews, 18 April 1781 (128) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 156

Loan card fo Library Company of Philadelphia signed by John Matthews.

Francis Rawdon, 26 April 1781 (130) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 157

Letter to General Greene asking release of three surgeons captured by Greene's troops.

Nathanael Greene, 28 April 1781 (129) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 158

Letter written at camp before Camden to General John Butler regarding British troops in the area. He writes that if the enemy pushes toward New Bern, Butler must join General Lillington he has written General Jethro Sumner to use all Continental troops collected near Hillsborough to protect vicinity fears his maneuver before Camden may not be successful but it has succeeded in restoring the hopes of the people.

Nathanael Greene, 14 May 1781 (131) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 159

Letter written at camp at McCords Ferry to Governor John Rutledge regarding Camden being evacuated, Fort Mott and Orangeburg being taken, Ninety-Six and Fryday's Ferry being besieged, and the probable evacuation of Nelson's Ferry.

J. Burnet, aide to General Greene, 17 May 1781 (132) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 160

Letter at General's direction to General Robert Lawson, brigade commander at the Battle of Guilford, congratulating him and advising him to move his militia to Waynesboro to await Greene's orders.

Andrew Pickens and Henry Lee, 31 May 1781 (133) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 161

Letter to Lieutenent Colonel Brown demanding surrender.

Nathanael Greene, 12 June 1781 (134) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 162

Written at camp before Ninety-Six to Mr. Gamble regarding the availability of leather in Salisbury district and a number of artificers in militia who can make cartouche boxes.

Lieutenent Colonel Cruger, 19 June 1781 (135) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 163

Letter written at Ninety-Six, N.C. to Colonel Williams, aide to General Greene, saying that American prisoners will be shown every consideration by the British, and the American dead sent out for burial.

Francis Marion, 10 July 1781 (136) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 164

Letter to General Greene advising reasons for delay in joining him and mentions that he is low on ammunition.

Thomas Sumter, 28 July 1781 (137) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 165

Letter to Major General John Burnett stating that he is agreeable to General Greene's wishes to move troops tomorrow morning, but will not march too much as indisposition and business matters will delay him as soon as possible will wait upon Greene enemy not strong at Orangeburgh, the Tories constituting the principle force.

Major Reading Blount, 6 August 1781 (138) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 166

Letter to General Jethro Sumner regarding Continental troops' movements and activities of the British under General Cornwallis also reports destroying provisions and embarking for New York.

William Henderson, 14 August 1781 (139) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 167

Reports to Governor Rutledge regarding number and condition of state troops Henderson has taken command of.

Folder 168 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 168

Dr. Hugh Williamson, 29 August 1781 (140) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/19

Letter to Governor Thomas Burke at Halifax, N.C., sending estimate of medicines needed for the Hospital Department.

William Caswell, 30 August 1781 (141) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 169

Letter to Governor Thomas Burke sending an English prisoner whom he considers too dangerous for any jail in the vicinity, and that Tories of the district joined the British due to fear and can be won back if leniency is shown.

Edward Carrington, 2 September 1781 (142) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 170

Letter to General Greene stating that he hopes to come to an understanding with the governor regarding supply of draught horses congratulations to Greene on arrival of "very respectable French Fleet" in Chesapeake, upon which Lord Cornwallis's ships in the James River indicated a move southward, news given by the Marquis to Governor Burke with request to interrupt passage, numbers regarding fleet size.

Andrew Pickins, 5 September 1781 (143) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 171

Letter to General Greene sending return of troops in camp and will march that evening as Greene directs.

General Lafayette, 6 September 1781 (144) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 172

Letter to Governor Burke explaining present military situation and saying that Philadelphia, Pa., can furnish arms for North Carolina defense.

Colonel Hardy Mufree, 9 September 1781 (145) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 173

Letter to Governor Thomas Burke regarding impressment of tobacco stores, and asking permission to raise a party of horesemen to go to Virginia.

Robert Smith, 2 October 1781 (146) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 174

Letter to John Holker whose Continental certificate he holds, asking for directions for delivery to Holker.

Horation Gates, November 1781 (147) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 175

Letter to Robert Morris. Gates quotes a letter he wrote to Washington at Morris's suggestion refers to his own disgrace and enemies and expresses gratitude for assistance of the French. Also includes engraving of Gates.

Archibald Lundie, 6 November 1781 (148) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 176

Order for quarters for Abe Decosta and servant in Charleston, S.C.

Francis Rawdon, 21 November 1781 (149) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 177

Letter written en route to Paris from Nantes, France, to M. Penegan regarding banking credit and draft against it.

Edmund Randolph, Joseph Jones, and James Madison to Benjamin Harrision, 24 January 1782 (266) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 178

Virginia's delegates to the Confederation Congress, reporting to Governor Harrison an action they have taken in connection with supplies ordered from France.

Nathanael Greene, 17 February 1782 (150) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 179

Letter to General Leslie advising Colonel Laurens will meet officers he appoints for conference on commisssaries for the two armies.

Nicholas Long, 28 February 1782 (151) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 180

Letter to Governor Thomas Burke asking for relief for his department, including money, clothing, and provisions.

Thomas Burke, 9 March 1782 (152) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 181

Letter to General Butler asking order for arms and ammunition on General Rutherford for Colonel Collier.

Nathanael Greene, 1 May 1782 (153) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 182

Letter to General Marion giving him command of all militia, and suggesting plans for joining forces.

John Martin, 26 May 1782 (154) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 183

Signature of Martin, governor of Georgia, cut from a document and a receipt, 10 March 1770, signed by him.

Abner Nash, 26 May 1782 (155) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 184

Luke Bates, 3 June 1782 (156) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 185

Order on auditors for delivery of twelve months pay, signed by Luke Bates, 1st Reg.

Captain James Read, 22 June 1782 (157) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 186

Letter to Honorable Wm. Blount, order for delivery of certificates for twelve months pay to Captain Ingles.

Alexander Brevard, 16 July 1782 (158) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 187

Letter to General Jethro Sumner acknowledging receipt of orders will march what troops are available asks for officers.

Francis Marion, 4 August 1782 (159) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 188

Proceedings of the consolidation of Colonel Maham and Major Conyer's Corps of Cavalry at Captain Lenud's plantation, by order of Governor Mathews.

Horation Gates, 12 September 1782 (160) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 189

Letter to Robert Morris stating he has received letter from General Washington and is hastening to join him.

North Carolina, New Bern District jury indictment, 2 November 1782 (161) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 190

True bill of indictment of Daniel Miller and other for murder of James Blackshear.

Benjamin Lincoln, 5 November 1782 (162) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 191

Letter to General Green commenting on effect of Marquis of Rickingham's death in England, and asking for information regarding conditions in Charleston, S.C.

E. Yarborough, 19 November 1782 (163) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 192

Order to commissioners for delivery of pay certificates to Mr. Long. Also included is letter from Yarborough to General Jethro Sumner reporting battle between between General Sumter and Colonel Tarleton, and comments on the state of his troops.

Alexander Martin, 24 August 1783 (164) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 193

Letter to Thomas Burke requesting that Burke assist the attorney general in a suit, money from which is to be used to pay delegates.

Ben Guerard, 6 October 1783 (165) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 194

Letter to Governor John Hancock regarding South Carolina African Americans captured by the British in 1779, recaptured by Massachusetts vessels, whom he refuses to return.

Richard Howley and James Forsyth, 28 October 1783 (166) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 195

Signature to deposition, and undated portion of document or letter.

Benjamin Guerard, 8 March 1784-24 November 1784 (167) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 196

8 March 1784, message to the South Carolina Congress regarding regarding cattle belonging to Mr. Commissary Hort's department 24 November 1784, order on treasury commissioners to pay express messenger Peter Dumont for carrying messages to Georgetown of pardon for Mack Machisuck, who was to be hanged.

Nathan Brownson, 2 April 1784 (168) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 197

Document granting power of attorney to George Jones, signed by Governor of Georgia Nathan Brownson.

Henry Pendleton and Thomas Pinckney, 25 May 1784 (169) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 198

Warrent for arrest of Paul Abney.

John Houston, 1 June 1784-19 July 1784 (170) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 199

1 June 1784, Land bounty certificate undated, petition over Houston's signature as plaintiff's attorney 19 July 1784, order for survey of land.

Daniel Boone, 23 July 1784 (295) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 200

Promissary note to Squire Boone, and on back, assignment of the note to Daniel Henry. Also includes engraving of Daniel Boone.

Folder 201 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 201

South Carolina Indenture, 27 July 1784 (171) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3405/20

Parish of All Saints, Craven County, S.C., indenture between Francis Allston, executor of the estates of William Allston and Edward Mitchell.

Squire Boone, 24 November 1784 (296) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 202

Promissary note to Robert Neilson & Co.

Isaac Shelby, 15 December 1784 (297) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 203

Receipt for 225 pounds Virginia currency due Evan and Moses Shelby from Edward Payne.

Benjamin Guerard, 24 January 1785 (172) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 204

Message to "Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen" enclosing letter from General Greene.

Aldanus Burke, 24 May 1785 (173) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 205

Warrant for arrest of Augustus Buyck in Charleston, S.C.

Thomas Sumter, 14 July 1785 (174) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 206

Order on Commissioners of the Treasury of South Carolina to pay bearer fees due Sumter from State and the United States. Includes engraving of Thomas Sumter, and annotated photographs of his home and tombstone.

Richard and Winston Caswell, 15 July 1785 (175) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 207

Affidavit signed by Richard Caswell and Winston Caswell, attesting that Anderson Ellison was at the Beaufort Court June 1785, and is now Clerk of the County Court of Beaufort.

Nathan Brownson, 1 August 1785 (176) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 208

Land warrent for Moses Glover, 250 acres in Glyn and Camden counties, addressed to surveyor.

Robert Irwin, 1 August 1785 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 209

Thomas Greene, 10 September 1785 (298) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 210

Letter written from Choctaw Nation to Samuel Elbert, governor of Georgia, reporting of a mission to Natchez, Miss., stating the Spanish are very antogonistic, and recommending alliances with the Choctaw Nation and Chickasaw Nation.

William Moultrie, 2 February 1786 (177) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 211

Cover letter from Charleston, S.C., in connection with the transmission of the governor's message to the Senate. Governor's message is not included. Engraving of William Moultrie included.

Patrick Henry, 23 February 1786 (267) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 212

Letter to the governor informing him that the General Assembly has appointed delegates to meet with commissioners from other states to consider problems of trade (Annapolis Convention).

Wade Hampton, 25 March 1786 (178) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 213

Order to pay Major Anthony Sharpe, and Sharpe's receipt.

William Smallwood, 30 March 1786 (179) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 214

Circular letter in Annapolis, Md., to the governors of adjacent states, transmitting copy of Act of Legislature. Copy of act not included.

Charles Alexander, 14 April 1786 (180) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 215

Note in favor of Colonel John Byrd.

Thomas Madison to Patrick Henry, 29 April 1786-3 July 1786 (268) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 216

29 April 1786, letter from Thomas Madison to Patrick Henry regarding a mine they are interested in 5 May 1786, news of the death of William Christian.

Daniel Boone, 17 August 1786 (299) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 217

Virginia warrant for the arrest of Daniel and Israel Boone for debt.

Benjamin Smith, 13 September 1786 (181) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 218

Letter to J. F. Grimke of Charleston, S.C., regarding personal and family matters.

John Dickinson, 15 September 1786 (182) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 219

Letter to Governor Caswell of North Carolina, transmitting report of Committee on Trade and Commerce. Report not included. Engraving of John Dickinson included.

James White, 22 October 1786 (183) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 220

Letter to Governor Caswell of North Carolina asking payment of traveling expense as delegate.

Patrick Henry, 25 November 1786 (269) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 221

Resolution presented by House of Delegates to Patrick Henry on his retirement as governor.

Grant of land to Patrick Henry in Brunswick County, N.C., 25 November 1792 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/21

Several Kentuckians to Edmund Randolph, 22 December 1786 (300) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 222

Petition to Edmund Randolph, governor of Virginia, deploring the "late treaty at the Miami," criticising Richard Butler and Samuel H. Parsons, and George Rogers Clark and asks that the next treaty commission include James Wilkinson, Richard Clough Anderson, and Isaac Shelby. Petition signed by T. Marshall, Edmund Lyne, Richard Taylor, J. Brown, Harry Innes, George Muter, Caleb Wallace, John Craig, Benjamin Pope, and Charles Ewing.

John Wereat, 2 January 1787 (184) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 223

Notation as auditor that claim papers are not in proper shape.

Richard Caswell, 6 January 1787 (185) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 224

Notice of appointment of Nicholas Edmunds, Josiah Cranbury, Henry Deberry, and Benjamin Williamson to the Commission of Peace of Northampton County, addressed to Allen Jones, Howell Edmunds, and Samuel Lockart.

John Adams, 10 April 1787-25 April 1787 (186) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 225

Manuscript copy of extracts of letters to and from John Adams and to John Hay on counterfeiting in England of North and South Carolina currency.

George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine, October 1787 (187) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 226

Letter to Admiral Sir George Young, offering his services and citing his six years of service in America. He signs himself Major of Tarleton's Light Dragoons.

Thomas Heyward, 11 December 1787 (188) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 227

Warrant for the arrest of Anthony Golding for debt. Also included is engraving of Thomas Heyward.

Hugh Horry, 12 January 1788 (1890 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 228

A bill to Hon. J. F. Grimke for his subscription to the rebuilding of church at Georgetown.

George Handley, 20 February 1788 (190) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 229

Letter sending the governor of Connecticut a copy of the proceedings of the Georgia Convention on proposed Federal Constitution.

Adalai Osborne, 25 March 1788 (1910 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 230

Affidavit that Moses Wensley was and is a Justice of the Peace in Rowan County, N.C.

Isaac Shelby, 28 May 1788 (301) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 231

Subscription list for a loan to Transylvania Seminary to pay for transportation of a library given to the school. Signed by Harry Innes, William Green, Christ Greenup, Robert Johnson, Caleb Wallace, Levi Rodd, Samuel McDowell, John Campbell, Robert Todd, John Edward, Jn. Patterson, Isaac Shelby, T. Marshall, Benjamin Logan, Thomas Lewis, and W. Ward.

Thomas Heyward, Jr., 1 July 1788 (192) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 232

Warrant for the arrest of William Scott in Charleston, S.C.

Daniel Boone, 20 July 1788 (265) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 233

Contemporary copy of survey made by Boone, and cut out signature of Boone.

John Sitgreaves, 11 November 1788 (193) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 234

Letter as Speaker of the House of Commons of North Carolina to the General Assembly enclosing the governor's address on loans and public tobacco.

Earl of Hillsborough and Marquis of Buckingham, 10 December 1788-12 December 1788 (194) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 235

Letter to the Marquis of Buckingham about the illness of King George III. On same sheet is Buckingham's response, giving details of King George III's illness.

Alexander White, 1 April 1789 (195a) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 236

News of the first Congress under the new constitution.

Samuel Johnston, 15 April 1789-18 March 1793 (196) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 237

15 April 1789, Letter to LuRoy & Bayard, N.Y., about a shipment of wine and politics in New York 18 March 1793, power of attorney from Johnston to Joseph Anthony & Son, to collect dividend on his Bank of United States stock.

William Moultrie, 4 July 1789 (197) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 238

Signature of Moultrie, president of South Carolina Society of Cincinnati, on document to delegates of the society.

Wade Hampton, 12 August 1789 (198) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 239

Letter to John Bynum directing him to take charge of the delivery of shells purchased at the Pritchard plantation.

Rawlins Lowndes, 30 October 1789 (199) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 240

Report of arbitors Rawlins Lowndes, John Lloyd, and Edward Darrell on case of Lessee of Greenwood vs. Rebecca Motte, involving a disputed boundary line between wharf properties.

Charles Johnson, 5 December 1789 (200) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 241

Message from the Senate to the House of Commons of N.C. about a petition of Nicholas Eveleigh.

Samuel Johnston, 18 February 1790 (201) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 242

Johnston, senator from North Carolina, regarding a speech made by James Madison in the House that morning on payment of government certificates.

David Ross, 9 April 1790 (270) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 243

Letter to Patrick Henry about payment of money.

Edmund Randolph, 27 1790 (271) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 244

Letter about Mrs. Randolph's health, his plans to go to New York, and the president's health.

Edward Telfair, 4 September 1790 (202) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 245

Commission of Josh McIntosh as major of Glynn County regiment of militia, signed by Governor Edward Telfair.

Alexander Martin, 4 January 1791-21 April 1792 (203) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 246

4 January 1791, resolutions of the General Assembly of North Carolina to Governor Telfair of Georgia 21 April 1792, letter to Francis Child, comptroller, regarding Major John Campbell's administration of an estate. Includes engraving of Alexander Martin and his bookplate.

Alexander White, 18 January 1791 (195b) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 247

Letter with social and congressional news.

Jonah Horry, 20 December 1791-18 January 1794 (204) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 248

20 December 1791, letter to Thomas Winstanly enclosing valuation of enslaved people on Kennedy's plantation, and the terms of offer for them, enclosure is missing 18 January 1794, letter to Messrs. Reed & Co. about renewal of lease of land from Kennedy estate.

O. N. Williams, 23 March 1792 (205) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 249

Williams, collector of the Port of Baltimore, to Robert Ballard, surveyor of the Port, about inspection of ships' papers.

Anthony Wayne, 16 October 1792 (303) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 250

Orders to Major Michael Rudolph to command detachment escorting stores of arms and other materials to Fort Marietta.

Daniel Smith, 18 December 1792 (302) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 251

Letter to Col. Barton about plats and surveys.

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 1 January 1793 (206) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 252

Commission of William Hunt as major of militia.

William Horry, 10 June 1793 (207) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 253

Letter about his account of his unnamed correspondent and business with the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates.

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 27 June 1793 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 254

Engraving of Richard Dobbs Spraight.

27 June 1793 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/22

Land warrant to Hugh Lemmond, with certificate of survey in Mecklenburg County

Folder 255 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 255

William Moultrie, 1 July 1793 (209) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/23

Land warrant to Christopher Lewis with certificate of survey.

Edmund Fanning, 15 February 1794 (210) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 256

Affidavit about entry of his schooner Dolly to the Port of New York.

Edmund Randolph, 12 May 1794-8 March 1795 (211) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 257

Four letters of Edmund Randolph, U.S. Secretary of State, on official business.

William Moultrie, 8 July 1794 (212) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 258

Letter to the governor of North Carolina asking for extradition of a man indicted for murder.

George Mathews, 18 July 1794 (213) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 259

Mathews instructing judges of Chatham County, Ga., to take oath and bond of William Norment, newly appointed tax collector.

South Carolina Lottery Petitions, 3 December 1794 (214) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 260

Company for promoting inland navigation between Santee and Cooper Rivers petition to the South Carolina Senate for authorization of a lottery. Signatures of Henry Laurens, David Ramsey, Nathaniel Russell, Edward Rutledge, and John Rutledge Jr.

Wade Hampton, 10 January 1795 (215) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 261

Sheriff Hampton to John Chesnut, bill of sale of goods sold to satisfy judgment against William Sutton.

Folder 262 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 262

Arnoldus Vander Horst, 6 April 1795 (216) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/24

Warrant for land to Joseph Kershaw with certificate of survey.

George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine, 24 April 1795 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 263

Advertisement for sale of property by Hanger, former British officer. Also includes order appointing D. Walker to bid for his annuity, 1 June 1791 and picture of Hanger.

Robert Walpole, with Grenville autograph, 17 May 1795 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 264

Bill from Walpole for his expenses at Court of Lisbon, approved by Grenville.

Henry Hampton, 5 July 1795 (218) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 265

Letter to Miller and Robinson, Charleston, S.C. has been informed by Wade Hampton that he may draw on them for $3,000 which they should pay to bearer F. Waters.

Folder 266 not used. #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 266

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 18 September 1795 (219) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/25

Spaight to Archibald Buie, warrant for land and certificate of survey, Robeson County, N.C.

Sir Banastre Tarelton, 7 October 1795 (220) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 267

Letter in verse to John Taylor, signed Piscator, but attributed to Banastre Tarleton.

Robert Barnwell, 14 December 1795 (221) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 268

Speaker of House to Senate about Reports on Public Accounts.

Samuel Johnston, 6 November 1796 (222) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 269

Appointing Joseph Anthony his proxy for meeting of stockholders of Bank of United States.

Folder 270 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 270

Charles Pinckney, 2 January 1797-2 August 1807 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/26

Three land warrants with certificates of survey one to Francis Geno, and two to James Chesnut.

James Habersham Junior, 30 March 1797-20 May 1797 (224) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 271

30 March 1797, portion of letter to Habersham's brother about threat of British warships and expected attack on St. Augustine, dislike of Jay's Treaty 20 May 1797, signature as deputy collector on ship's manifest.

Timothy Pickering, 24 April 1797 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 272

Department of State, letter of transmittal from Timothy Pickering, intended to cover two sets of the laws passed at 2nd session of 4th Congress.

Banastre Tarleton, 8 December 1798 (225) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 273

Letter to Thomas Cadill about sale of his book, Campaigns in America. Includes engraving of Banastre Tarleton.

Cherokee Nation, 1 January 1799-10 February 1858 and undated #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 274

Documents related to the forced removal and forced migration of people of the Cherokee Nation from their land, the Trail of Tears (1838-1839), and subsistence contracts and treaties (1835, 1846) with the United States government.

James Madison, 25 September 1799 (304) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 275

Answer of James and Nelly Madison to complaint of William Croghan of Jefferson County, Ky. Madison jointly interested in land with Ambrose Madison.

Folder 276 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 276

John Drayton, 6 January 1800-6 March 1809 (227) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/27

Three land warrants signed by John Drayton, two to John Chesnut, and one to Elizabeth Robertson, for land in Camden District, S.C.

Benjamin Hawkins, 23 January 1800 (228) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 277

Letter to James Jackson, governor of Georgia, about the Creek Nation.

Samuel Johnston, 28 May 1800 (229) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 278

Letter to Governor Benjamin Williams of North Carolina acknowledging notice of his appointment as judge of a special court to be held in Raleigh.

Edward Telfair, 12 June 1800 (230) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 279

Withdrawal of appeal by Edward Telfair in judgment for debt of October 1796 in case of James Post vs. Telfair Chatham County, Ga., court.

Edward Longworthy, 25 June 1800 (305) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 280

Baltimore customs entry for merchandise for Henry Alexander, signed by him and certified by Deputy Naval Officer Edward Longworthy.

John Sitgreaves, 1 October 1800 (231) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 281

Letter to George Simpson, cashier of Bank of United States, Philadelphia, to pay his salary as judge of North Carolina District to Andrew Fleming & Co.

Oliver Ellsworth, 16 October 1800 (233) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 282

Account of money received from bankers in Paris, France. Account unsigned but attributed to Ellsworth.

Peter Horry, 20 October 1800 (232) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 283

Letter to James Guignard stating his wish to settle all debts and leave his estate unencumbered.

George Walton, 31 May 1803 (234) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 284

Petition for citizenship of Hugh Montgomery Hill, physician of Augusta, Ga., endorsed by Governor George Walton of Georgia.

Wade Hampton, 18 September 1803 (235) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 285

Letter to John Bynum regarding horse races. Includes newspaper clipping of Hampton's obituary.

Daniel Boone Junior, 22 May 1804 (306) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 286

Deposition of William Hays regarding surveys made by Daniel Boone Junior, and Douglas.

Banastre Tarleton, 24 May 1804 (236) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 287

Letter to General Brownrigg, asking troops for protection of military stores.

Francis Rawdon, 10 August 1805 (237) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 288

Letter from Rawdon, then Lord Moira, to Mr. Robins from Edinburgh regarding sale of house.

John Breckinridge, 18 October 1805 (272) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 289

Letter to Thomas Worthington of Ohio about lands and his reluctance to become United States attorney general, though he has accepted the appointment. Includes an engraving of John Breckinridge.

Horatio Gates, 27 February 1806 (238) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 290

Letter to Samuel L. Mitchell requesting copy of president's message on discoveries on the Missouri River. Also included is warrant for Revolutionary bounty lands from Virginia, signed by Benjamin Harrison, 30 May 1783.

Thomas Jefferson, October 1806 (273) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 291

Letter to Benjamin Brown about disputed title to some land.

Samuel Ashe, 18 March 1809 (239) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 292

Letter to Ashe's daughter or daughter-in-law regarding his health and his grandson, Sam.

James Wilkinson, 17 December 1809 (240) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 293

General orders for reception of General Wade Hampton, and on same sheet, Wilkinson's farewell upon being relieved by Hampton.

John Drayton, Henry Alexander De Saussure, 16 February 1810 (241) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 294

Commission of Henry Alexander De Saussure as aide de camp and captain to General Jacob Read, South Carolina militia.

George Mathews, 15 May 1813 (307) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 295

License to Charles Derbigny to practice law in courts of Louisiana, signed by Dominick Hall, George Mathews, and Peter Derbigny, judges of the Supreme Court.

Edmund Fanning, 10 August 1814 (242) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 296

Fanning writing from London to Mr. Wasser, saying he has recovered from an illness and can appear before the Board of Commissioners to answer inquiries. Included is a copy of an uncredited autobiographical sketch, and a picture.

Folder 297 not used #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 297

Comte d'Artois, December 17 1814-1816 (243) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/28

Commission in the French National Guard, signed by the captain-general, Charles Philippe, Comte d'Artois, later Charles X of France. Also included is a commission of 1816.

David Ramsay, 9 January 1815 (244) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 298

Letter to Jedidiah Morse about Ramsay's proposed universal history.

Wade Hampton, 15 January 1815 (245) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 299

Letter to James Monroe regarding help for a sick officer. Also includes sketch of 75 acre plot, marked "General Wade Hampton's land."

Isaac Shelby, 20 February 1815 (308) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 300

Letter to General Green Clay sending commissions for two officers of Clay's division, and answering inquiry about Dr. William Craig.

Thomas Pinckney, 23 October 1815 (246) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 301

Letter regarding procuring sugar cane for planting.

C. J. Viomenil, 1815 (247) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 302

Bordeaux. French general in the American Revolutionary War. Letter is in French.

Robert Coleman: deed, 3 April 1816 (248) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 303

Deed to land in Camden District, S.C., from Coleman, guardian on behalf of Bond English, a minor, to James Chesnut.

Marquis of Camden, 1 January 1818 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 304

Letter to the lord president advocating the excusing of Mr. Papillon, 3rd on the list for office of sheriff of Kent, England.

Francis Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings, 31 January 1820-21 June 1821 (249) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 305

31 January 1820, Letter from Rawdon, then Marquis of Hastings and governor general of India, to C. T. Metcalfe regarding politics 21 June 1821, to Lord Castlereagh on treaty violations by the Pasha of Baghdad.

John Geddes, 1 May 1820 (250) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 306

Warrant for land and certificate of survey in Kershaw District, S.C., to James Chesnut, signed by John Geddes.

William Polk, 14 July 1820 (251) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 307

Polk, writing from Raleigh, N.C., to R. G. Harper of Baltimore, Md., on legal matters.

Nathaniel Macon, 14 February 1823 (252) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 308

Nathaniel Macon, United States representative and senator from North Carolina, to Samuel Dana in Connecticut.

James Iredell, Jr., 10 March 1829 (253) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 309

James Iredell, Jr., United States senator, about application of James Norfleet for appointment as purser in the Navy.

Lafayette, 8 October 1831 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 310

Letter to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, Philadelphia, Pa.

James Lynah and Thomas Legare, 11 November 1834-20 January 1835 (254) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 311

South Carolina. Two-sided document regarding ownership of an enslaved woman named Diana. One one side, dated 11 November 1834, is a bill of sale from James Lynah to Thomas Legare for Diana and her two daughters, Susan and Sarah. The other side, dated 20 January 1835, appears to be a will from Legare transferring ownership of Diana and her two daughters to Legare's daughter, Elizabeth B. White, and his granddaughter, Elizabeth Ann B. White.

Samuel Patchin, 10 May 1839 (309) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 312

Letter to William Hay recounting his capture by Tory Joseph Bettys, imprisonment in Canada, and escape.

G. H. Calvert to Hiram Powers, 28 February 1845 (310) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 313

Calvert, writing from New York to Powers in Florence, Italy, regarding the possibility that Congress may commission a sculpture from Powers.

Nicholas Longworth, 15 August 1845 (311) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 314

Letter to C. Edwards Lester quoting a poem written by John Quincy Adams to Hiram Powers, not published but repeated from memory by Mr. McGinnes.

George Bancroft, 15 August 1846 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 315

Bancroft, secretary of the Navy, directing Commodore William Branford Shubrick to transport a certain army ordnance.

J. M. McCracken: "Siege of Ninety-Six," circa 22 March 1852 #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 316

Letter to B. J. Lossing giving account of the siege of Ninety-Six.

George B. Crittenden, 18 May 1861 (312) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 317

Letter to his father, John J. Crittenden, announcing his resignation from the United States army.

C. E. Pratt, 5 October 1862 (313) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 318

General Calvin Edward Pratt of the United States army recommending Captain R. R. Daniel for a field position.

George Otto Trevelyan letters, 2 January 1865-27 January 1882 (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 319

2 January 1865, Letter to Mr. Potter 27 January 1882, letter to Marian.

William Durst, 31 August 1903 (256) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 320

Letter to unnamed recipient regarding battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac. Durst served on the crew of the Monitor.

J. F. Grimke, undated (274) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 321

Letter to J. H. Mitchell recommending that Mr. McDowell be put under peace bond.

Henry Laurens, undated (276) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 322

Unsigned portion of a letter, apparently a first draft with interlining and corrections, attributed to Henry Laurens.

John Locke, undated (277) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 323

Two manuscripts attributed to John Locke. One manuscript contains note on a book by Samuel Parker. The other is a draft of a Parliamentary bill. Includes picture of John Locke.

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, undated (278) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 324

Invitation in the third person to Captain Bissette to dine with him.

Undated items formerly enclosed in Rare Book Room's copy of George O. Trevelyan's History of the American Revolution. (Addition F) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 325

Items are letter from Grafton Lord Chancellor, writing from Loughborough, England, presenting the names of three persons qualified to be sheriff of Huntingdon.

Account, undated #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." OPF-3406/29

Account for subsistence for officers of various garrisons in England and Scotland, under George III.

Volume 1: Herbal, undated (275) #03406, Series: "1. Manuscripts, 1560-1903 and undated." Folder 326

Volume appears to originally have been two separate pieces. The first portion, kept in a handmade book with a heavy paper binding, contains information on herbs. There are frequent references to a Dr. Withering, whose comments on herbs are added, as well as an auther named Gerrard. There is a small sheet, dated 28 September 1738, inserted into book that refers to a smallpox epidemic in Charleston, S.C. The other portion of the book is a compilation of recipes and general household information. One recipe copied from the General Evening Post is dated 6 June 1778.

Expand/collapse Series 2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832.

This series contains documents related to property acquired by two white families of Camden, Kershaw County, S.C.: the Kershaws and the Chesnuts. The papers are primarily deeds, releases, memoranda of agreements, and surveys. Individuals named include Ely Kershaw, Joseph Kershaw, John Kershaw, James Kershaw, James Chesnut, and John Chesnut persons from whom they purchased lands officials, surveyors, and witnesses connected with the transfer of lands and prior owners. The lands were in Rowan and Surry counties in North Carolina, and in Craven, Berkley, Kershaw, and Fairfield counties in South Carolina.

Deed: William N. Edwards to James Michie, 3 December 1751 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 327

Folder 328 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 328

Deed: James McGirtt to Robert Milhoue, 12 May 1753 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/30

Folder 329 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 329

Deed: William Gray to James McGirtt, 27 September 1754 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/31

Folder 330 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 330

Deed: John Milhouse to Samuel Milhouse, 18 May 1758 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/32

Folder 331 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 331

Deed: Archibald Watson to Thomas English, 12 March 1761 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/33

Folder 332 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 332

Conveyance: James McGirtt to Joseph Kershaw, 30 April 1761 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/34

Deed: Andrew Ferguson to Martin Armstrong, 21 August 1764 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 333

Folder 334 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 334

Deed: Joshua Bradley to Christian Shy, 4 December 1766 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/35

Folder 335 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 335

Deed: Charles Sparkes to Michael Crawford, 10 December 1771 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/36

Deed: Hastin Terry to James Chesnut, 3 January 1774 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 336

Folder 337 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 337

Deed: Mathew Walters to John Chesnut, 23 November 1774 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/37

Folder 338 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 338

Deed: Thomas Jones to Aaron Loocock, 4 December 1774 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/38

Deed: Martin Armstrong to Kershaw, Chesnut & Co., 13 May 1775 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 339

Folder 340 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 340

Deed: Exectutive of Samuel Milhouse to John Chesnut, 29 May 1775 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/39

Deed: Kershaw, Chesnut & Co. to Thomas Jones, 1776 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 341

Deed: John Payne to Joseph Kershaw, 26 April 1776-27 April 1776 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 342

Folder 343 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 343

Deed: John Major to John Chesnut and Ely Kershaw, 3 February 1777 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/40

Folder 344 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 344

Deed: Kershaw to Duncan McRa #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/41

Folder 345 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 345

Deed: Kershaw to Duncan McRa #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/42

Deed: Joseph Kershaw to John Chesnut, 11 April 1777 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 346

Deed: Thomas Jones to Ely Kershaw, 24 May 1777 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 347

Folder 348 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 348

Deed: Duncan McRa to John Chesnut #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/43

Conveyance: William Whitaker to Ely Kershaw, 1778 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 349

Deed: Francis Hodge to John McWatley, 1 August 1778 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 350

Folder 351 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 351

Deed: John Chesnut to George Ross, 29 August 1778 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/44

Deed: John McWatley to Ely Kershaw, 9 April 1780 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 352

Deed: John Ellerbee to William Farrell, 7 April 1785 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 353

Deed: Exec. of Ely Kershaw to Zachariah Cantey, 8 November 1786 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 354

Folder 355 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 355

Deed: Henry Hunter to John Chesnut, 1 May 1788 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/45

Deed: Joseph Brevard to John Chesnut, 11 December 1790 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 356

Conveyance: Samuel Clark to William Cook, 3 November 1792 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 357

Deed: Richard Clanton to William Clanton, 14 January 1794 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 358

Folder 359 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 359

Deed: John Kershaw to Thomas Brown, 19 May 1796 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/46

Folder 360 not used #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 360

Lands belonging to estate of Wood Furman, 8 December 1797 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." XOPF-3406/47

Deed: John Alexander Ogilvie to John Chesnut, 15 November 1798 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 361

Survey for Nathan Nelson, 4 February 1799 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 362

Indenture: Joseph Brevard to James Chesnut, 16 August 1799 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 363

Deed: James Chesnut to Philip and Henry Shrock, 21 May 1808 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 364

Deed: James Chesnut to Philip and Henry Shrock, 21 May 1808 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 365

Memorandum of James Chesnut to Henry Shrock, 9 February 1811 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 366

Release of Donor: Nancy Shrock, 6 October 1814 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 367

Deed: John Chesnut to James Chesnut, 22 March 1818 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 368

Deed: John Chesnut to Sarah Taylor, 22 March 1818 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 369

Deed: John Chesnut to John Chesnut, Jr., 22 March 1818 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 370

"Survey for Mr. James Wood," 21 March 1832 #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 371

Surveys #03406, Series: "2. Kershaw-Chesnut Papers, 1751-1832." Folder 372

Expand/collapse Items Separated

Processing Information

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Adam Fielding, Kate Stratton, and Jodi Berkowitz, December 2010

Edited by: Laura Hart, August 2019

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.


Hugh Williamson, North Carolina

The versatile Williamson was born of Scotch-Irish descent at West Nottingham, PA., in 1735. He was the eldest son in a large family, whose head was a clothier. Hoping he would become a Presbyterian minister, his parents oriented his education toward that calling. After attending preparatory schools at New London Cross Roads, DE, and Newark, DE, he entered the first class of the College of Philadelphia (later part of the University of Pennsylvania) and took his degree in 1757.

The next 2 years, at Shippensburg, PA, Williamson spent settling his father's estate. Then training in Connecticut for the ministry, he soon became a licensed Presbyterian preacher but was never ordained. Around this time, he also took a position as professor of mathematics at his alma mater.

In 1764 Williamson abandoned these pursuits and studied medicine at Edinburgh, London, and Utrecht, eventually obtaining a degree from the University of Utrecht. Returning to Philadelphia, he began to practice but found it to be emotionally exhausting. His pursuit of scientific interests continued, and in 1768 he became a member of the American Philosophical Society. The next year, he served on a commission that observed the transits of Venus and Mercury. In 1771 he wrote An Essay on Comets, in which he advanced several original ideas. As a result, the University of Leyden awarded him an LL.D. degree.

In 1773, to raise money for an academy in Newark, DE., Williamson made a trip to the West Indies and then to Europe. Sailing from Boston, he saw the Tea Party and carried news of it to London. When the British Privy Council called on him to testify as to what he had seen, he warned the councilors that the colonies would rebel if the British did not change their policies. While in England, he struck up a close friendship with fellow-scientist Benjamin Franklin, and they cooperated in electrical experiments. Moreover, Williamson furnished to Franklin the letters of Massachusetts Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson to his lieutenant governor that created a sensation and tended to further alienate the mother country and colonies.

In 1775 a pamphlet Williamson had written while in England, called The Plea of the Colonies, was published. It solicited the support of the English Whigs for the American cause. When the United States proclaimed their independence the next year, Williamson was in the Netherlands. He soon sailed back to the United States, settling first in Charleston, SC, and then in Edenton, NC. There, he prospered in a mercantile business that traded with the French West Indies and once again took up the practice of medicine.

Williamson applied for a medical post with the patriot forces, but found all such positions filled. The governor of North Carolina, however, soon called on his specialized skills, and he became surgeon-general of state troops. After the Battle of Camden, SC, he frequently crossed British lines to tend to the wounded. He also prevented sickness among the troops by paying close attention to food, clothing, shelter, and hygiene.

After the war, Williamson began his political career. In 1782 he was elected to the lower house of the state legislature and to the Continental Congress. Three years later, he left Congress and returned to his legislative seat. In 1786 he was chosen to represent his state at the Annapolis Convention but arrived too late to take part. The next year, he again served in Congress (1787-89) and was chosen as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Attending faithfully and demonstrating keen debating skill, he served on five committees, notably on the Committee on Postponed Matters, and played a significant part in the proceedings, particularly the major compromise on representation.

After the convention, Williamson worked for ratification of the Constitution in North Carolina. In 1788 he was chosen to settle outstanding accounts between the state and the federal government. The next year, he was elected to the first U.S. House of Representatives, where he served two terms. In 1789 he married Maria Apthorpe, who bore at least two sons.

In 1793 Williamson moved to New York City to facilitate his literary and philanthropic pursuits. Over the years, he published many political, educational, economic, historical, and scientific works, but the last earned him the most praise. The University of Leyden awarded him an honorary degree. In addition, he was an original trustee of the University of North Carolina and later held trusteeships at the College of Physicians and Surgeons and the University of the State of New York. He was also a founder of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York and a prominent member of the New-York Historical Society.

In 1819, at the age of 83, Williamson died in New York City and was buried at Trinity Church.

Image: Courtesy of National Archives, Records of Exposition, Anniversary, and Memorial Commissions (148-CCD-70a)


Governor Davie - History

Attorney and governor of Oklahoma, David Hall was born in Oklahoma City October 20, 1930, to William A. "Red" Hall and Audrey Nell Hall. Hall graduated from Classen High School, and he was president of the student body. An outstanding student at the University of Oklahoma, he was tapped for Phi Beta Kappa. To pay for his education he waited tables and clerked in a clothing store, among other jobs. After two years as a U.S. Air Force navigation instructor Hall briefly attended law school at Harvard University before returning to Tulsa to complete his legal education. As a student at the University of Tulsa Law School in 1955 Hall met Jo Evans on a blind date. They married in June 1956, and the union produced three children, Douglas, Nancy, and Julie.

Hall served as Tulsa County attorney from 1962 until he unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic nomination for governor in 1966. During his tenure as county attorney he successfully prosecuted 940 out of 1,000 criminal cases. After four years of private law practice, Hall announced his candidacy for governor in 1970. His campaign slogan, "Hall of Oklahoma for All of Oklahoma," helped him manage one of the state's greatest upsets, and he defeated incumbent Republican Gov. Dewey Bartlett in the November 1970 general election. Hall won the governor's race by a margin of only 2,181 votes, the closest gubernatorial race in state history.

Hall's tax reforms put Oklahoma back on a sound financial basis at a time when the need for new state revenue had reached a crisis. His concern for education resulted in major efforts to increase per-pupil expenditures and bring teachers' salaries up to the regional average. Hall also pushed legislation to decrease the high teacher-pupil ratio and make public school classes smaller, and he proposed lowering the mandatory school age and mandating kindergarten attendance.

Hall also worked diligently for reform of Oklahoma's penal system. In early 1973, at his bidding, the legislature had appropriated a major increase in prison funds and enacted reform measures. However, before reform could be fully implemented, in July 1973 hundreds of inmates rioted at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary at McAlester. They took twenty hostages, including a deputy warden. Armed with knives and meat cleavers, the prisoners held police and national guardsmen at bay for twenty-two hours while Governor Hall directed negotiations. Fires set by rioters caused $20 million in damage. Oklahoma's worst prison riot left three inmates dead.

David Hall was defeated in his bid for reelection in 1974. Nine days after his term ended, a federal grand jury indicted the former governor on four charges of bribery and extortion. He was implicated in a plan to receive payment for influence over investment of state retirement funds. Although he claimed innocence, he was convicted of bribery in March 1975 and served eighteen months in a federal correctional institution in Arizona. After his release he moved to California to engage in real estate and investments. David Hall died on May 6, 2016, in La Jolla, California.

Bibliography

Betty Crow and Bob Burke, The House Oklahoma Built: A History of the Governor's Mansion (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association, 2000).

David Hall, Twisted Justice: A Memoir of conspiracies and Personal Politics (Mustang, Okla.: Tate Publishing & Enterprises, 2012).

Patrick L. McLaughlin, "David Hall, Governor of Oklahoma, 1971–1975," in Oklahoma's Governors, 1955–1979: Growth and Reform, ed. LeRoy H. Fischer (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1985).

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society (OHS). This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and part or in whole.

Photo credits: All photographs presented in the published and online versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture are the property of the Oklahoma Historical Society (unless otherwise stated).

Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Bob Burke, &ldquoHall, David,&rdquo The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=HA007.

© Oklahoma Historical Society.


Governor Davie - History

COUNTY SEAT: Mocksville

FORMED: 1836
FORMED FROM: Rowan

LAND AREA: 264.11 square miles

2018 POPULATION ESTIMATE: 42,733

White: 89.9%

Black/African American: 6.5%

American Indian: 0.7%

Asian: 0.8%

Pacific Islander: <0.1%

Two or more races: 2.0%

Hispanic/Latino: 7.0% (of any race)

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT: 13TH

BIOGRAPHIES FOR
Davie County

WILDLIFE PROFILES FOR
Piedmont region

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Yadkin-Pee Dee, Map
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Davidson, Forsyth, Iredell, Rowan, Yadkin

See also: North Carolina Counties (to access links to NCpedia articles for all 100 counties) Cooleemee Plantation Brief history of Davie County (from Davie County Historical and Genealogical Society).

Davie County, located in the western part of North Carolina's Piedmont region, was formed in 1836 from Rowan County. It was named for William R. Davie, governor from 1798 to 1799 and founder of the University of North Carolina. Saponi Indians were the original inhabitants of the region. The county seat, Mocksville, was known as "Mocks Old Field" before it was incorporated in 1839. Other communities in the county include Bermuda Run, Cooleemee, and Farmington.

British soldiers under Lord Charles Cornwallis came through Davie County during the American Revolution, and Stoneman's Raiders came to the county near the end of the Civil War. The county boasts several historic sites, including three historic districts. Cooleemee Plantation and the Hinton Rowan Helper House are designated as National Historic Landmarks. (Helper penned The Impending Crisis of the South, a scathing denunciation of slavery published in 1857.) The Cooleemee Textile Heritage Center interprets the mill heritage of the region. Davie County is home to one of North Carolina's oldest annual festivals, the Mocksville Masonic Picnic, held each August since 1878. Agriculture is the dominant industry in Davie County, which in many years ranks as the top dairy-producing county in the state. The county also produces tobacco, corn, wheat, chickens, and beef cattle. The population of Davie County was estimated to be 38,000 in 2004.

Annotated history of Davie County's formation:

For an annotated history of the county's formation, with the laws affecting the county, boundary lines and changes, and other origin information, visit these references in The Formation of the North Carolina Counties (Corbitt, 2000), available online at North Carolina Digital Collections (note, there may be additional items of interest for the county not listed here):


Gray Davis

Gray Davis’ family left the Bronx in 1954 and settled in the Santa Monica Mountains. He was a popular kid who did extremely well both as a student and an athlete.

Gray Davis earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Stanford University and a Juris Doctorate from Columbia University Law School. In 1961, while at Stanford University, he joined the Reserve Officer Training Corps. After graduating from law school, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and rose to the rank of captain while serving in Vietnam from 1968 to 1969.

From 1975 to 1981, he was Chief of Staff to Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown, Jr. Gray Davis represented Los Angeles County in the Assembly from 1983 through 1987. Following his term as an Assembly member, he was elected as the State Controller–a post he held until 1995. Gray then served as Lieutenant Governor from 1995 to 1999, during which he focused his efforts on keeping jobs in California and encouraging business to locate and expand within California. Gray served as governor from 1999 to 2003. He lost the governorship through recall by popular vote in 2003. He is currently affiliated with the Los Angeles office of the law firm Loeb & Loeb LLP.


Explore the History and Culture of Davie County

NC Governor Aycock addresses a crowd under the arbor at the annual Mocksville Masonic Picnic in the early 1900s. Masons constructed the arbor in 1899 to seat twelve hundred people under its roof. A raised stage at the front accommodates the performers and speakers.

Digital Davie shares glimpses of Davie County history through a collection of digital images of the people, places, institutions, and events that have shaped the county in the past and continue to do so today. This is a truly unique and rich resource for the study of Davie County history and culture. Placing these assets online makes them available for academic, professional, hobbyist and genealogy researchers.

Davie County Library Plays Central Role in Digital Davie Collection
Digital Davie has been a very special project for Jane S. McAllister, Interim Director of the Davie County Public Library. “We were so pleased to learn of the launch of the NC Digital Heritage Center in 2010 as it afforded the perfect avenue for us to share online so many photographs, documents, and artifacts in the history room collection of the public library for both serious and recreational pursuits,” said McAllister.

The Digital Davie online exhibit follows the release of two photographic history books published by Arcadia Publishing of South Carolina, Images of America: Davie County and Images of America: Mocksville. Those two books, plus others written by local authors, are available for sale at the public library and at a number of local retailers.

Themes and Search Tools Add Value
The Digital Davie collection currently hosts over 500 items with plans to add hundreds more. The collection can be browsed by themes like Architecture, Biography, Civil War, Communities, Pioneers, Revolutionary War, Social Life and Customs, Transportation, Occupations and more.

There is also a powerful search tool for Digital Davie that helps users zero in on information relevant to their research needs or just their curiosity. For example, a search for “Masonic Picnic” returns 38 items including pictures of Senator Sam Ervin, Governor Aycock, Governor Hoey, Jesse Helms and others that have attended this local event over the years. The first annual Masonic Picnic was held in 1884, and over the years the picnic has raised funds to support educational opportunities for local students, Davie Training School, and the Oxford Orphanage.

A Cooperative Effort
Digital Davie is a project of the Davie County Public Library supported by the North Carolina Digital Heritage Center at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

The North Carolina Digital Heritage Center is supported by Library Services and Technology Act funds from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the Department of Cultural Resources.


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