Kentuckian SP-1544 - History

Kentuckian SP-1544 - History


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Kentuckian

A former name retained.

(SP-1544: dp. 6,582; 1. 414'6"; b. 53'811)

Kentuckian was built in 1910 by Maryland Steel Co., Sparrows Point, Md.; acquired by the Navy 16 December 1918; and commissioned 28 January 1919, Lt. Comdr. Carrol E. Higgins, NAR, in command.

Kentuckian was assigned to transport duty as thousands of American World War I veterans were awaiting return to the United States. She cleared New York on her first cruise 2 March 1919 picked up nearly 2,000 troops at St. Nazaire, France, and returned New York 1 April. The transport made a total of five cruises from New York to France, unloading general cargo at France and returning with troops. Kentuckian arrived Norfolk 31 August from her final cruise, decommissioned 15 September 1919, and returned to her owners the same day.

During World War II, Kentuckian operated with a naval armed guard on convoy runs between the East Coast and the Mediterranean. She won a battle star for her service in convoy HX-233 during April 1943. She was subsequently scuttled as a blockship, at the Normandy beachhead.


SS Kentuckian

SS Kentuckian was a cargo ship built in 1910 for the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. During World War I she was known as USAT Kentuckian in service for the United States Army and USS Kentuckian (ID-1544) in service for the United States Navy. After her Navy career, she reverted to her original name of SS Kentuckian.

  • 414 ft 2 in (126.24 m) (LPP) [8]
  • 430 ft (131.1 m) (overall) [8]
  • oil-fired boilers [9]
  • 1 × quadruple-expansionsteam engine[5]
  • 1 × screw propeller[9]

She was built by the Maryland Steel Company as first of three ships ordered by the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company, and was employed in inter-coastal service via the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and the Panama Canal after it opened. In World War I, USAT Kentuckian carried cargo and animals to France under charter to the U.S. Army. When transferred to the U.S. Navy in December 1918, a month after the Armistice, USS Kentuckian was converted to a troop transport and returned almost 8,900 American troops from France. Returned to American-Hawaiian in 1919, Kentuckian resumed inter-coastal cargo service.

Shortly before World War II, Kentuckian was requisitioned by the War Shipping Administration and sailed between Trinidad and African ports, between New York and Caribbean ports, and in transatlantic convoys through mid 1944. In mid-July 1944, the ship was scuttled as part of the breakwater for one of the Mulberry artificial harbors built to support the Normandy Invasion.


Our Specialties & Mission

The physicians of Kentuckiana Ear, Nose & Throat provide comprehensive ear, nose and throat medical and surgical services and keep abreast of the evolving field of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery to provide the highest level of expertise in our fields. Four of the six physicians in our practice provide care in all aspects of general otolaryngology, while two of our physicians tailor their practice to sub-specialized areas of focus. Our practice is able to accommodate and treat all aspects of otolaryngologic care.

Supported by a caring and helpful staff of administrative, nursing, technical and audiologic personnel, we have provided state-of-the-art care to thousands of patients in our local community and from across the world over the past four decades.

Our clinical expertise, academic affiliations, and partnerships with other top physicians have allowed us to provide our patients with the latest medical advances and technological innovations. We are proud of our long tradition of excellence and compassionate service and are privileged to treat each and every patient who walks through our doors.


Southern History Series: The Kentuckian Diaspora

The following excerpt on the settlement of Kentucky, the Lower Midwest and Missouri comes from Thomas C. Mackey’s article “Not a Pariah, but a Keystone: Kentucky and Secession” in Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil War In Kentucky and Tennessee:

“While geography explains why the Lincoln administration pursued different policies toward Kentucky than it did other border states like Maryland or Missouri, geography alone does not explain the significance of Kentucky in terms of secession. Ties of blood and livelihood must also be factored in. It is often overlooked that three of the four primary residents of the two White Houses of the Civil War years were Kentucky born – Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, and Jefferson Davis. Furthermore, Kentucky’s ties to the rest of the nation ran east and west. From the East had come Daniel Boone and other settlers through the Cumberland Gap, and, by 1860, the largest number of non-Kentucky born residents of the state came from Virginia, not surprising as Kentucky constituted the farthest western county of Virginia until its separation and statehood in 1792. As a result of this heritage, Kentuckians looked to Virginia (and, to a lesser but notable extent, North Carolina) for political leadership even if that leadership was a love/hate relationship. The historian Russell Weigley describes Kentucky as a “self-conscious daughter of Virginia,” as indeed it was.

In addition, Kentuckians had been a restless people, populating at least the southern parts of the western states of Indiana, Illinois, and Misssouri. The distinguished historian James A. Rawley went so far as to call Missouri “the child of Kentucky” because of the 100,000 residents of that state who claimed Kentucky birth. Thus, kinship and family ties stretched from the Old Dominion to the muddy banks of the Ohio to the Missouri River and beyond.”

The whole course of secession and the outcome of the War Between the States was determined to a large extent by Kentuckians. While the Ohio River is the natural geographic border between the North and the South, Kentuckians complicated the issue by settling all over southern Indiana and southern Illinois, which is why there were so many Copperheads there.

Kentuckians colonized Missouri and Indiana. The reason that Indiana sticks out like a sore thumb in the Midwest is because it doesn’t have a metropolis like Chicago to overwhelm the Kentuckians who populated the state. During the 20th century, millions of White Southerners also took the Hillbilly Highway out of Appalachia to settle in the Great Lakes region, the cities of the Sunbelt and even in the Western states. The cultural and genetic footprint of Kentucky is much larger than the state itself because it has exported millions of its people over time.

The following excerpt comes from John Alexander Williams book Appalachia: A History:

As events unfolded, however, the productivity gains and consequent job losses came quickly, the promised benefits slowly if at all. The UMWA health and welfare fund, financed by royalties on coal output, was depleted within a few years and its commitments sharply cut back or passed along to public welfare agencies. These developments led to a “great migration from Appalachia’s mining counties and the further impoverishment of many of those who were left behind. During the 1950s, the mining counties of Kentucky, the Virginias, Tennessee, and Alabama suffered population losses between 15 percent and 30 percent the Pennsylvania anthracite counties lost smaller percentages, mainly because they had already started exporting people during the 1930s, just under a million of them from the core even though metropolitan areas such as Charleston, Asheville, Knoxville, and Chattanooga expanded, they failed to grow as fast as comparable areas in other parts of the country …

Thus, Kentuckians and western West Virginians moved to Ohio, Indiana and Michigan, Virginians and eastern Virginians moved to Washington-Baltimore Georgia, Alabama, and the Carolinas absorbed more of their own Appalachian migrants than did other states, thanks to the postwar growth of such cities as Atlanta, Birmingham, Charlotte, Winston-Salem, and Greensboro.”

This excerpt comes from Richard B. Drake’s book A History of Appalachia:

“Many Appalachians solved their economic problem by migration. Hundreds of thousands did. The Appalachian “Great Migration” to the cities of the upper Midwest was already in process by 1950. The flow northward continued, and until the “Depression of 1957,” at which time the Detroit area suffered a significant economic setback, there was always a job if a mountaineer simply left his hills and struck out across the Ohio River. After 1957, the least-educated and older migrants often could not find work. Yet through the 1960s the flood continued. In all, over three million Appalachians left the region in the period from 1940 to 1970.”

3 million people left Appalachia between the 1940s and 1970s as the coal mines mechanized and laid off their workers. The North and West are full of millions of White people today who are descended from Southerners. 1 out of every 5 Californians is the descendant of an Okie.


Kentuckian SP-1544 - History

Crime Stoppers encourages members of the community to assist local law enforcement agencies in the fight against crime by overcoming the two key elements that inhibit community involvement: fear and apathy.

Crime Stoppers provides a telephone number answered twenty four hours a day, every day of the year, to encourage citizens in the community to volunteer vital information helpful to law enforcement agencies to fight against crime.

Callers can remain anonymous and are eligible to recieve a cash reward if the information given leads to an arrest or grand jury indictment of a felony offender.

Crime Stoppers is proud to be affliated with and hosted by the Jefferson County Sheriff's Office. In addition, Crime Stoppers is partners with the U.S. Marshall's Office for the Western District of Kentucky.

Crime Stoppers relies on volunteer Directors and tax deductible contributions from the public in order to operate the administration of the program.

Kentuckiana Crime Stoppers welcomes you to our new web-site! Together, we can help make our community a safer place for all citizens! Please look over all the new features available and please call 582-CLUE (2583) with any tips.


UKnowledge

In his brief life John C. Breckinridge embraced the roles of lawyer, politician, statesman, soldier, exile, and businessman. An imposing and tactful man, he was exceptional for evoking both loyal devotion from his followers and generous respect from his opponents during a strife-torn era.

Breckinridge's meteoric rise to national prominence began with election to the Kentucky legislature in 1849 and to the United States Congress in 1851. His eloquence earned him the Democratic Party's nomination for the vice presidency in 1856, and he became the youngest man ever to hold that office. Nearing the end of his term Breckinridge was elected United States senator by the Kentucky legislature. He was a favorite of the Southern faction during the 1860 Democratic convention. Had the nation and the party not foundered on the divisive issues of slavery, section, and union, Breckinridge might well have reached the White House.

With the sundering of the Union, Breckinridge joined the Confederate states, was commissioned a brigadier general, and fought valiantly at Shiloh, Chickamauga, Cold Harbor, and elsewhere before becoming secretary of war. The collapse of the Confederacy drove him into exile in Canada and Europe. But in 1869 he returned to Kentucky to live out his life quietly and industriously as a lawyer and railroad executive.

Proud Kentuckian portrays the most illustrious member of one of Kentucky's first families.

Frank H. Heck is emeritus professor of history at Centre College.


Welcome to Kentuckiana Farms!

Kentuckiana Farms is a family-owned and operated standardbred horse farm located on approximately 600 acres in Fayette and Scott counties in Kentucky. Kentuckiana also has stallion stations located in Indiana and Ontario, Canada.

Kentuckiana has a state-of-the-art yearling complex and turn-out facilities. The complex features 90 stalls, four walking rings for yearling inspection, two mechanical exercisers with observation facilities, a round pen for breaking and conditioning, spacious turn-out paddocks and a video paddock designed to enhance yearling video productions.

Each fall, the farm sells its yearlings at the Lexington Selected Sale in Lexington, Kentucky. Kentuckiana is also an owner of Lexington Selected Yearling Sales Company. The farm annually ranks among the industry’s leading consignors in yearling average, attesting to the quality of the horses Kentuckiana breeds. Kentuckiana has bred, raised or sold over 35 million dollar winning champions over the past 30 years.

Kentuckiana also possesses an accomplished group of stallions with Centurion ATM, Muscle Mass, Muscle Massive and Swan for All. The stallions stand at farms in Kentucky, Indiana and Ontario, offering siring opportunities to suit every breeder.

We welcome visitors, both current customers and newcomers who may be interested in becoming a part of the harness racing industry. Please call ahead or email us and let us know when you’ll be arriving. We look forward to seeing you!


LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY

Beginnings of Organized Pediatrics in America

Before 1880, there was no organized group of physicians for children in the U.S. and, of course, no specific subspecialty fields within health care for children. The Section of Diseases of Children of the American Medical Association was organized in 1880 at a meeting of the AMA in Richmond, VA, with Abraham Jacobi chosen as president and Thomas Morgan Rotch as secretary (7, 19). Jacobi (1830–1919) was appointed Clinical Professor of Diseases of Children at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in 1870, after teaching as Professor of Infantile Pathology and Therapeutics at New York Medical College and then serving as Chief of Staff of the Nursery and Child's Hospital and teaching at the University Medical College in New York (3, 5). He was the first to teach medicine at the bedside (3). Jacobi is often called the “Father of American Pediatrics” and wrote extensively on a variety of pediatric problems, with his most frequent subjects related to infectious diseases, notably diphtheria. He advocated the use of boiled milk for infants (for nutritional reasons as well as to prevent the gastroenteritides). The inaugural issue of the AMA's American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children in 1868, the first partially pediatric journal in the U.S., included an article on croup by Jacobi. Jacobi was an ardent social and political activist, striving to improve the circumstances of children.

Because the AMA group began to flounder and the membership of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Sections refused to allow pediatrics to form a separate section, a new group, the American Pediatric Society, the parent of organized pediatrics in the U.S., held an organizational meeting on September 18–20, 1888, at the Arlington Hotel in Washington D.C., with 14 physicians present (7, 19). Credit for forming the group is given to Job Lewis Smith (1827–1897) of Bellevue Medical School and William Booker (1844–1921) of Baltimore, the first Clinical Professor of the Diseases of Children at Johns Hopkins. Jacobi was elected the first President, and there were 43 founding members, predominantly from the Northeast, including William Osler, who later served as the fourth APS President (20). Four papers were scheduled to be presented (although it is not clear from the minutes that any of them in fact was presented), including “Treatment of Whooping Cough by Antipyrin” by L. Emmett Holt, Sr., of New York (21). Holt was Professor of Pediatrics at the New York Polyclinic Hospital and Attending Physician at Babies Hospital in New York. He was a Founder of the American Pediatric Society and served as President in 1898 and then again in 1923. Holt's presidential address in 1898 recapped his personal experiences with New York City children's hospitals, pointing out the discouraging 50% mortality for hospitalized infants and the very frequent nosocomial infections that occurred. He advocated care in the country, away from the crowded cities, during the summer months (21). This theme was echoed by Henry Koplik of New York, APS President in 1900, who reported the continued problem of summer diarrhea and recommended ambulatory care and a “colony or camping system” with care provided by live-in mothers (21).

Although it had improved somewhat compared with colonial times, the plight of children at the time of the founding of the American Pediatric Society in 1888 continued to be hazardous. Coincident with the Industrial Revolution, mortality rates had climbed substantially from early in the 19th Century to the later years of the 19th Century as major crowded urban areas developed. Life expectancy around 1888 was less than 50 years, infant mortality approached 200 per 1000 births, and neonatal mortality was about 50 per 1000 births (5, 21, 22). The infant mortality rate in 1880 in New York City, a particularly crowded urban area, was as high as 288 per 1000 live-born infants, primarily related to various infectious processes. Infectious diseases such as diarrhea, diphtheria, scarlet fever and tuberculosis dominated as the major causes of morbidity and mortality among children, and they had yet to be impacted by the just-emerging scientific base of medicine. The science of bacteriology, founded on the landmark discoveries of Louis Pasteur in Paris, Robert Koch in Berlin, and others in the early 1880s, had not yet impacted child health. Roentgen had not yet discovered x-rays. Biochemical analyses were not available for infants and children. Inadequate sanitation, impure water and unsafe milk supplies all contributed very significantly to the spread of infectious diseases among infants and children, and particularly to those living in the very crowded circumstances that promote transmission.

The early years of organized U.S. pediatrics were marked by a number of landmark advances in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases of children, with substantial reduction in infant mortality rates, to 189/1000 live births in New York City in 1900, with rates as low as 147 in Chicago and as high as 311 in Biddeford, ME (5).


About Best-One Kentuckiana

Huber Tire was founded in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1938 by Melvin Huber Sr., who envisioned the company as a natural extension of the already-successful Huber Trucking company. Embracing a culture of excellence in customer service, Huber Tire quickly expanded to multiple locations in the Kentuckiana area, serving both passenger and commercial tire customers.

In 1979, two local entrepreneurs and tire industry veterans, Tom Sander and Fred Ralston, founded S&R Truck Tire Center, in Jeffersonville, Indiana. Starting with a small team working out of a trailer, Tom and Fred quickly grew their business into a strong competitor of Huber Tire. For years, the two companies competed to deliver the best commercial tire service in the Louisville metropolitan area.

In 1997, Huber Tire was acquired by the founders of S&R, and incorporated under the new ownership. Both companies kept their respective names, as they both had strong reputations and community ties. By joining forces, S&R and Huber were able to better meet the growing demands of the market, and raise their combine level of customer service.

As years progressed, the combine companies began to branch out into other areas of the commercial transportation market. Best-One Giant Tire was founded to meet the demands of the Off-the-Road tire market, including construction, quarry, and industrial vehicles. Best-One Fleet Service Louisville was later created to provide over-the-road customers with a new option for mechanical trailer repair.

In 2020, the owners of S&R Truck Tire, Huber Tire, and Best-One Giant Tire decided to merge the individual corporations, and come together under one unified brand — Best-One Kentuckiana. Having long been members of the Best-One Tire & Service network, embracing the Best-One name was the next step in the natural progression toward becoming a more cohesive and dynamic force in the commercial tire marketplace.


Collection Reflections Series

The 2020 Collection Reflections Series is made possible through the generous support of PNC Wealth Management.

The Collection Reflections series focuses on items in the Filson’s collection that highlight people and events in Kentucky’s and the nation’s history. The items range across the breadth of the collection – from portraits to letters to photographs to books – and provides an opportunity to view items rarely seen by the public that help tell the story of the Ohio Valley region and the nation.


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