Zurich - History

Zurich - History

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Zurich Airport - Switzerland

On May 5, 1946 the citizens of Canton Zurich approved by referendum a proposal to spend 36.8 million Swiss francs for the building of an intercontinental airport. Construction began that very summer, and the airport was inaugurated on August 29, 1953. In 1976 the Zurich Airport Authority took on the responsibility for the airport's administration. Since then its responsibilities have included planning, management and coordination of airport operations. Swiss control, a private but federally supervised enterprise, is in charge of air traffic control.

Zurich Airport provides jobs for over 16,000 people from the region, and Swissair employs another 10,000 individuals. Air cargo makes up 27.4% of all revenue. In 1994, 242,498 planes landed and took off, 14,573,334 passengers passed through, and 17,408 tons of mail were handled in Zurich. The airport is, at present, a self-supporting enterprise whose main sources of income are landing fees, passenger taxes, concession fees, fuel taxes and rents.

Our History

Professional golf has been around New Orleans since 1931 and an annual event since 1958. Over the years, big names in the golfing community have left their mark here, including Byron Nelson, Billy Casper, Jack Nicklaus, Lee Trevino, Tom Watson and Seve Ballesteros. Past winners include Ben Crenshaw, Davis Love III, Louisiana native David Toms, Vijay Singh, Nick Watney, Bubba Watson, Billy Horschel, Justin Rose and Ryan Palmer and Jon Rahm. Over the years, the Classic has attracted such golfers as Rickie Fowler, Graeme McDowell, Steve Stricker, Luke Donald, Camilo Villegas, Ben Crane, Nick Faldo, Payne Stewart, Greg Norman, Ernie Els, David Duval, Chris DiMarco and Phil Mickelson. The great relationship between golf and the city of New Orleans has blossomed through the years.

From its early days in the 1930s at the City Park Golf Course, tournament golf in New Orleans took hold and began to expand. In 1963, the Greater New Orleans Invitational (as it was originally called) moved to Lakewood Country Club. By 1975, the Classic had its first corporate sponsor – the First National Bank of Commerce (FNBC).

The Classic’s second corporate sponsor was USF&G Insurance, which pushed the tournament to new heights in its 10 years of sponsorship. In those 10 years, the Classic really showcased its big golfing party to the rest of the nation as televised coverage made it a major event on the PGA TOUR.

In 1991, Freeport-McMoRan became the Classic’s third corporate sponsor and golf was contested at English Turn Golf and Country Club. Thanks to Freeport-McMoRan’s commitment to sponsoring a first-class event and philanthropic efforts associated with the tournament within the New Orleans community, the Classic continued to enjoy growth and success.

In 1999, the Classic welcomed Compaq Computer Corporation as the fourth corporate sponsor. At that time, Compaq Computer Corporation was the second largest computer company in the world and the largest worldwide global supplier of computer systems. Compaq added an internationally recognizable name to the tournament, enhancing the stature of this great event. The quality of the event continued to grow with Hewlett Packard as the Classic’s title sponsor after the merger in 2002 between Compaq and Hewlett Packard.

2005 ushered in New Orleans’ newest title sponsor, Zurich Insurance. In addition to the new title sponsor, the Classic had a brand new course in the Pete Dye sensation, the TPC Louisiana.

The same year, Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans. Even so, in 2006, the Fore!Kids Foundation was able to successfully host the first major, nationally televised professional sporting event to return to New Orleans: The Zurich Classic. The 2006 tournament enabled the Fore!Kids Foundation to showcase all the things quintessentially New Orleans and generated more than $2 million for children’s services organizations the foundation helps to support. 2006 culminated with the foundation being awarded a $1 million grant from the Bush-Clinton Katrina Fund.

In 2008, Zurich Insurance extended their title sponsorship for an additional two years. Also in 2008, the Classic’s host organization, the Fore!Kids Foundation, celebrated its 50th anniversary of helping the community.

In 2009, Zurich furthered its commitment to New Orleans when it announced its commitment extension through the 2014 tournament. In 2013, Zurich signed another five-year extension and in 2018 another seven-year extension.

In the fall of 2016, Zurich and the PGA TOUR announced an exciting new two-man team format for the Zurich Classic. The first team event on the PGA TOUR since 1981 features two rounds each of foursome (also known as alternate shot) and four-ball competition.

With the format change, the 2017 Zurich Classic of New Orleans experienced one of the most successful years to date, with Cameron Smith and Jonas Blixt edging out Kevin Kisner and Scott Brown in a playoff.

Thanks to Zurich’s commitment, the Zurich Classic generates much-needed funds for the city of New Orleans and communities through southeastern Louisiana. The Zurich Classic has generated more than $24.5 million for New Orleans charities since 2005, helping them provide education, healthcare and hope to more than 200,000 children a year. Since 1958, the nonprofit Fore!Kids Foundation has raised over $30 million from the Zurich Classic and other events.

In 2018, Billy Horschel became the first player to win the Zurich Classic of New Orleans as an individual and as part of a team with partner Scott Piercy. Horschel and Piercy closed with a bogey-free 5-under 67 in alternate-shot play to secure the victory.

In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic forced the cancellation of the Zurich Classic of New Orleans. But Zurich came through with the funding that a typical year’s tournament would generate – over $1.5 million – to help ensure children and families would receive support in a time of tremendous need.

The Zurich Classic returns in 2021 to TPC Louisiana. A competitive field includes Zurich golf ambassador veterans Horschel and Justin Rose along with Zurich’s newest golf ambassador Collin Morikawa, playing in his first Classic. All will play with partners, adding an exciting element of collaboration to the competition.

Zurich History Facts and Timeline

People have been drawn to the Zurich area for many thousands of years in history. Evidence of settlements from the Neolithic period of the Stone Age, as well as the Bronze Age, has been unearthed as various points around Lake Zurich.

In more recent times, the Celtics and Romans chose to settle around the Lindenhof Hill area, and this district still remains today, forming the very heart of the historical Altstadt (Old Town). The settlement was named 'Turicum' and this became a place where taxes were collected, whilst the Limmat River provided transport connections for trading.

A New Settlement

Although the Romans remained here for more than four centuries, when their empire fell, it was not long until major changes were afoot. The Germanic Alamanni peoples soon set up home here, making use of the former Roman fortifications and enjoying the organised infrastructure and buildings that had been left behind. A new Carolingian fortress was built in the 7th century, followed by the Fraumunster Abbey in the year of 853 AD. Although the abbey / convent was dissolved in the 16th century, its centrepiece Fraumunster Church is still standing as a reminder of this period in Zurich history.

King Henry III, a Holy Roman Emperor, took an interest in the town in the 11th century and granted it the right to host regular markets. Zurich also began to collect some tolls and a mint was soon built. In 1218, Zurich became an Imperial City and its status was somewhat catapulted into new heights. The 1230s saw the city construct a defensive wall and a number of stone houses were erected along the street named the Rennweg, with the old fortress ruins being used as a convenient source of building materials.

A Period of Independence

With the power of the convent now noticeably waning in the 13th century, Zurich locals elected their very first independent mayor. In the middle of the 14th century, the city joined the Swiss Confederacy and assumed an important role.

The Old Zurich War marked a period of dissent between the city and the surrounding cantons, lasting from 1440, right up until 1446, when peace was finally agreed upon. In the 1520s, the Protestant Reformation sweeping through Switzerland was joined by Zurich, and various battles between the Protestant and Catholic cities took place. These included both the First War of Kappel in 1529 and the Second War of Kappel in 1531.

Further Fortifications

During the 1620s and shortly after the start of the Thirty Years' War, Zurich felt it necessary to improve its defences and a new fortified wall soon encircled the city. These fortifications were costly, although made the city quite impenetrable. Feeling rather pleased with its newfound grandeur, Zurich declared that it was now a republic and ditched its former title of Imperial City.

The 1798 Helvetic Republic made itself known, being implemented in an attempt to unite the country with a central power, thus eliminating the need for self-governing cantons. As a result of this policy, Zurich's power fell virtually overnight and it lost not only its control over the surrounding land, but also many of its privileges. The majority of its fortifications were subsequently demolished, while its university was founded from existing colleges in 1833, and the city briefly served as the Federal capital between 1839 and 1840.

After the Swiss Federal State was formed in 1848, Zurich's numbers soon began to swell, as migrants arrived from the countryside. The city struggled to cope with this rapid population increase and many of these immigrants were treated as second-class citizens, that was unless they had money. The industrial revolution fortunately came along and created mass employment for many of these new residents. New streets were laid out, and in 1877 the Zurich Stock Exchange (now the SIX Swiss Exchange) was born. In 1893, many outlying suburbs were incorporated with the city and its boundaries grew.

Damage in World War II

When the First World War came along, Switzerland chose to adopt neutrality, and this was the case again during the Second World War. However, its stance proved to alienate a number of European countries, with Zurich and a few other cities suffering damage from bombing, although the worst attacks were said to be accidental, when US bombers mistook Zurich for the German city of Freiburg im Breisgau.

Tourism and Finance

Zurich is undisputed as being one of the most important financial cities on the planet. Many leading banks and financial institutions have chosen to base themselves here, or at least have some kind of a presence in this wealthy city.

Tourism is also playing a part of the local economy and recent surveys showed that the city offers an exceptionally high quality of life. Visitors will find tasters of Swiss medieval history around many corners of central Zurich, particularly within the Niederdor and Oberdorf districts. The lake promenade, the bustling Bahnhofstrasse shopping street and the city's historical Zoological Gardens should all be experienced. The Museumstrasse is rich in culture and this is where you will find the Swiss National Museum (Schweizerisches Landesmuseum), the country's largest history museum.

Zurich, Switzerland Metro Area Population 1950-2021

Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic.

If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site:

Link Preview HTML Code (Click to Copy)
Zurich, Switzerland Metro Area Population 1950-2021

Your image export is now complete. Please check your download folder.

The railway is booming as a means of transport and big stations are being built in Europe's cities.

Zurich railway station is opened and attracts wealthy travellers from all over the world.

The first Grand Hotels are built in Zurich.

The architects Heinrich Honegger-Näf and Julius Bosshard are building the hotel at 93 Bahnhofstrasse and 7 Bahnhofplatz.

Opening of the Hotel National.

Bahnhofplatz becomes a distinguished business location and entrance to the boulevard "Bahnhofstrasse".

The hotel consists of 130 rooms with 200 beds and 5 bathrooms on the floors.
It has a lift and a café-restaurant.

Change of name to Grand Hotel National.

The fountain on Bahnhofplatz was replaced in 1889 by the monument of Alfred Escher, the builder of the Gotthard railway and founder of Zurich Insurance.

The Moorish hall on the corner of Bahnhofplatz and Bahnhofstrasse is built.

The hall is a sight in Zurich and the venue for many banquets, dinners and meetings.

The newspaper “NZZ” wrote in April 1886 that the Pope and Bismarck would arrive at Zurich railway station. An entire floor had been rented in the Hotel National for the honorable visit.

The buildings at Bahnhofstrasse 91 and Lintheschergasse are integrated into the hotel.

The hotel now consists of four originally separate buildings.

The first electric trams run in Zurich.

Conversion of the hotel: The neo-classical arches on Bahnhofstrasse are replaced by an Art Nouveau façade.

Opening of the headquarters of the Kuoni travel agency at the corner of Bahnhofstrasse/Bahnhofplatz and other shops.

Change of name to Hotel Schweizerhof National.

The new sandstone façade in Art Nouveau style has been preserved to this day and has been put under preservation order since 1978.

Bernese artist Alex Walter Diggelmann (1902-1987) designs the tourism poster for the Hotel Schweizerhof.

The motive is still used today as the logo and as such it is inseparably linked to the history of the Schweizerhof.

Meanwhile, this poster is so rare that it is neither in the poster collection of the Federal Government nor in that of the Museum for Design in Zurich.

Renovation of the hotel interior: a few rooms have their own bathrooms.

Opening of the bar as an "oyster bar". Parts of the sandstone façade on the ground floor and first floor are replaced by marble slabs.

The renowned Zurich architect and cultural sponsor Otto Streicher is taking over the property from the Swiss cooperative bank.


1977: The precious sandstone façade is carefully renovated and placed under a preservation order.

1978-1979: The hotel is rebuilt over 14 months. CHF 15 million are invested for this purpose.

The Hotel Schweizerhof Zurich becomes Zurich's leading four-star hotel with central air conditioning and TV’s in all rooms.


1992 -1997: First soft refurbishment of the hotel rooms, installation of a new heating and air conditioning system, reconstruction of the lobby, salons and offices.

CHF 8.6 million investment

2000 -2001: An additional CHF 14 million is invested in the renovation of all rooms and bathrooms.


2007: In addition to the renovation of the façade for CHF 1.6 million, ongoing technical and environmentally relevant renovations are being implemented behind the scenes.

2011: The Schweizerhof Bar is renovated and the foyer and lobby are modernised.

2013 -2015: CHF 3.2 million are invested in connecting rooms and the conversion of the 4th floor in the new design.

Step-by-step conversion of the rooms and gradual conversion of the rooms into an innovative design.

2016: CHF 2.3 million are invested in the extension of the inner courtyard and some rooms as well as the integration of the Boutique Gym.

In April 2019 we opened our new boardrooms.

After 76 years of operations in Zurich Bahnhofstrasse, Kuoni Travel leaves their founding offices in our building. After a five-month refurbishment and an investment of 2.1 million, six state-of-the-art meeting rooms were completed in Zurich`s prime city center location.

When the Swiss Federal Polytechnic was founded in 1855, the new university already had a department of elective subjects that complemented the students’ education. Subjects such as language and literature studies, history, philosophy, and law and economics have been part of ETH Zurich since its beginnings. Until well into the 1980s, they constituted the core of Department XII (Humanities and Social Sciences).

In the 1980s and 1990s, Department XII was expanded and diversified: New professorships of Science Studies, Development Cooperation, Sociology, Conflict Research, History of Technology, and Social Psychology and Research on Higher Education were added. At the same time, the fundamental role of the humanities and the social and political sciences at ETH Zurich was transformed: While the humanities were intended as a supplement to the other disciplines until well into the 1970s, today the emphasis lies on integration with other disciplines. The aim is to link up complementary views in order to develop common problem statements.

What Zurich family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Zurich. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Zurich census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 580 immigration records available for the last name Zurich. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 3,000 military records available for the last name Zurich. For the veterans among your Zurich ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Zurich. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Zurich census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 580 immigration records available for the last name Zurich. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 3,000 military records available for the last name Zurich. For the veterans among your Zurich ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

Zurich Extended Warranty Overview

Zurich’s extended warranties are part of a large suite of auto protection products that the company has to offer. Unfortunately, Zurich’s website makes it difficult to learn more about your options for various vehicle service contracts. This is likely due to the fact that the only way you can purchase a vehicle service contract from Zurich is through an approved auto dealer at the time you purchase your vehicle. If you’re looking to switch coverage or have purchased your car privately, an extended auto warranty from Zurich may not be available to you — unless you had the policy transferred to you by the vehicle’s previous owner.

Zurich does offer several levels of extended warranty coverage through approved local dealerships. These include Comprehensive, Standard, Powertrain, and Select levels of coverage.

  • Comprehensive: Covers almost everything in your car from soup to nuts except for cosmetic damage, torn upholstery, broken glass, and tires. This includes the interior and exterior of your vehicle, the cooling system, electrical, heat and AC, steering, brakes, suspension, drive axle, transmission, transfer casing, and engine. It even includes roadside assistance, trip-interruption protection, and rental car reimbursement — the whole enchilada.
  • Standard: Covers all of the same components that the Comprehensive plan gives you, minus the car’s interior, exterior, and cooling system.
  • Powertrain: Covers components involved in delivering power to your vehicle’s wheels, including the engine, transfer case, transmission, and drive axles.
  • Select: This is a budget-friendly and customizable plan that covers windshield repair, cosmetic damage, tire damage, and alloy wheel damage.

Zurich also offers a variety of other adjunctive service plans, including GAP coverage, key protection, maintenance plans, Universal Security Guard theft protection, etc.

Unlike many extended auto warranties, Zurich’s vehicle service contracts can be taken to any ASE-certified repair shop in the country of purchase, though they charge small deductibles. Each extended warranty policy includes benefits for trip interruption, 24/7 emergency roadside assistance, and a rental car allowance.

Zurich extended warranties are also fully transferable to the vehicle’s next owner.

Discover the Storchen Zürich, which derives its name from a legend that suggests a black stork nested on top of its roof.

Storchen Zürich was constructed when mighty kings and towering castles ruled Europe for centuries following the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

The Storchen on Zürich’s Weinplatz has been renowned for its hospitality for the better part of seven centuries. Legend says that "zum Storchen" received its name from a rare black stork that was breeding on the Storchen’s roof. It is certain that the "Hus zum Storchen" was mentioned in the tax records of the city of Zürich for the first time in 1357, and a little more than 100 years later, it was explicitly identified as a hotel. The location of the Storchen Zürich is not a coincidence, either. The Limmat was at its narrowest near the hotel, and therefore was the prime location to ford the river. Soon, many different trade routes that linked Italy and Germany intersected mere steps away from the Storchen Zürich. The city’s port soon became filled with merchants, and the newfound trade encouraged local investment. As such, the Storchen Zürich routinely remained in business as it catered to the large population of transient businesspeople that had set up shop in the city.

Zurich today (XX-XXI Century)

After the war Switzerland&rsquos economy boomed and mass immigration from Southern Europe set in, while culturally and politically Switzerland remained stoutly anti-communist and very conservative. In 1968 and 1980 youth movements clashed with police, rocking Zurich and finally leading to the establishment of several autonomous youth centres. The movement brought new ideas and new cultural life to Zurich, giving it much of the drive it has today and finally shaking off the puritan restrictions Zwingli had implanted. It also spawned Zurich&rsquos &lsquoneedle park&rsquo, the open drug scene on Platzspitz which made Zurich notorious across Europe in the early 1990s. While the official reaction was repressive at first, Zurich shaped Swiss drug politics, introducing innovative controlled heroin programs which got addicts off the streets. Today Zurich is still a major financial centre and has lost the conservative reputation. It has become popular as a place to live for highly-skilled workers from across Europe, since Switzerland signed free-movement agreements with the European Union in 1999. This has made the lack of affordable apartments one of the major topics in Zurich today.

Watch the video: Halloween Dacorates in Farmhouse 2021 Zurich. Best visit Place for Family