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U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History, Norman Friedmann .The standard history of the development of American destroyers, from the earliest torpedo boat destroyers to the post-war fleet, and covering the massive classes of destroyers built for both World Wars. Gives the reader a good understanding of the debates that surrounded each class of destroyer and led to their individual features.
Mahan được đặt lườn vào ngày 4 tháng 5 năm 1918 tại xưởng tàu Fore River của hãng Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation ở Quincy, Massachusetts. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 4 tháng 8 năm 1918, được đỡ đầu bởi Cô Ellen K. Mahan, cháu gái Chuẩn đô đốc Mahan, và được đưa ra hoạt động vào ngày 24 tháng 10 năm 1918 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Thiếu tá Hải quân F. P. Conger.
Sau khi hoàn tất việc chạy thử máy, Mahan hoạt động ngoài khơi vùng biển Cuba cho đến tháng 5 năm 1919, khi nó đi đến vùng quần đảo Azores, trở thành một trong những tàu chỉ đường cho chuyến bay vượt đại dương của các thủy phi cơ NC-1, NC-3 và NC-4 của Hải quân. Quay trở về Boston vào ngày 21 tháng 6 sau khi ghé qua Brest, Pháp, Mahan được cải biến thành một tàu rải mìn hạng nhẹ, rồi được xếp lại lớp với ký hiệu lườn mới DM-7 vào ngày 17 tháng 7 năm 1920.
Ngoại trừ một chuyến đi đến Trân Châu Cảng để thực tập cơ động vào đầu năm 1925, Mahan chủ yếu hoạt động dọc theo bờ Đông Hoa Kỳ, tại vùng biển Caribe và vùng kênh đào Panama trong mười năm sau đó. Nó tham gia các cuộc thực tập huấn luyện hạm đội, tuần tra trong các giải đua thuyền buồm quốc tế, tham gia cứu nạn cho tàu ngầm S-51 vào tháng 9 năm 1925 ngoài khơi đảo Block và tàu ngầm S-4 trong giai đoạn từ ngày 17 tháng 12 năm 1927 đến giữa tháng 3 năm 1928 ngoài khơi Provincetown, Massachusetts. Nó cũng tiến hành các chuyến đi huấn luyện lực lượng dự bị đến vùng biển Caribe từ năm 1928 đến tháng 9 năm 1929. Ngoài các nhiệm vụ thông thường, Mahan còn phục vụ như một tàu thử nghiệm các thiết bị mới mà Hải quân sử dụng trong tương lai.
Vào ngày 20 tháng 9 năm 1929, Mahan đi vào xưởng hải quân Philadelphia, nơi nó được cho ngừng hoạt động vào ngày 1 tháng 5 năm 1930. Tên nó được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 22 tháng 10, và nó được bán vào ngày 17 tháng 1 năm 1931 cho hãng Boston Iron & Metal Company ở Baltimore, Maryland để tháo dỡ.
Ships similar to or like USS Mahan (DD-364)
The Mahan-class destroyers of the United States Navy were a series of 18 destroyers of which the first 16 were laid down in 1934. The last two of the 18, and (this pair laid down in 1935), are sometimes considered a separate ship class. Wikipedia
The lead ship of the of dreadnought battleships built for the United States Navy in the 1910s. Part of the standard series of twelve battleships built in the 1910s and 1920s, and were developments of the preceding. Wikipedia
The lead ship of the Portland class of cruiser and the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city of Portland, Maine. Launched in 1932, she completed a number of training and goodwill cruises in the interwar period before seeing extensive service during World War II, beginning with the Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942, where she escorted the aircraft carrier and picked up survivors from the sunken carrier. Wikipedia
The lead ship of the of super-dreadnought battleships built for the United States Navy in the 1910s. Incremental improvement over the preceding, carrying an extra pair of 14 in guns for a total of twelve guns. Wikipedia
Mahan-class destroyer in the United States Navy before and during World War II. Named for Charles W. Flusser. Wikipedia
Here at LSOZI, we take off every Wednesday for a look at the old steam/diesel navies of the 1833-1946 time period and will profile a different ship each week. These ships have a life, a tale all their own, which sometimes takes them to the strangest places.- Christopher Eger
(Shorter than normal due to events beyond my control)
Warship Wednesday, May 20, 2020: The Long Pennant
National Archives photo 80-G-700448
Here we see the deck of the Independence-class light aircraft carrier USS Langley (CVL-27) on this day, 75 years ago, flying her homeward-bound pennant after spending one hell of a tour forward-deployed in the Pacific. As a rule, such pennants are only authorized for cruises lasting more than nine months, and Langley had managed almost twice that.
By tradition, the Homeward Bound Pennant is flown by ships that are on continuous overseas duty for nine months and returning to a U.S. port. The length of the pennant is one foot for each Sailor on the ship who has served on board while overseas in excess of nine months. It is divided vertically into two sections. Closest to the hoist is a blue field with one white star indicating nine months of service away from the U.S. An additional star is for each additional six months away. The remaining pennant is divided horizontally into halves, the upper being white and the lower being red. Upon the ship’s return to homeport, the blue portion of the pennant with the white star will be presented to the skipper while the remaining white and red half of the pennant will be divided equally among the officers and crew who served on the vessel for the prerequisite 270 days.
Built at New York Shipbuilding Corporation on a converted cruiser hull, our ship was originally to be the Cleaveland-class light cruiser USS Fargo (CL-85) but was converted to a light carrier named in tandem after the aviation pioneer Samuel Pierpont Langley, and the Navy’s first flattop, the converted collier “covered wagon” USS Langley (CV-1).
Commissioned 31 August 1943, the 11,000-ton carrier sailed for points west, and by 19 January 1944, she sailed from Pearl Harbor for her first overseas combat operation as part of with then-RADM Marc Mitscher’s Task Force 58, bound for the attack on the Marshall Islands.
For the next 16 months, she would be forward deployed across the Pacific, earning nine battle stars and a Navy Unit Commendation in the process.
Langley’s aircraft hit Japanese positions on Palau, Yap, Woleai, Caroline Islands, Saipan, Tinian, and Peleliu. She would mix it up in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, run amok off Formosa and the Pescadores, then support the liberation of the Philippines.
Task Group 38.3 enters Ulithi anchorage in a column, 12 December 1944 while returning from strikes on targets in the Philippines. Ships are (from front): Langley (CVL-27) Ticonderoga (CV-14) Washington (BB-56) North Carolina (BB-55) South Dakota (BB-57) Santa Fe (CL-60) Biloxi (CL-80) Mobile (CL-63) and Oakland (CL-95). Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-301351).
Again she would clash with the remnants of the Japanese surface fleet at the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea and the ensuing Battle off Cape Engaño where her planes would help write the final chapter of the carriers Zuihō and Zuikaku, the latter being the only remaining flattop of the six that had participated in the Pearl Harbor attack.
She endured Typhoon Cobra, a week before Christmas 1944.
THE LANGLEY IN THE MIDST OF THE GREAT TYPHOON OF DECEMBER, 1944.
Why are these sailors smiling? Perhaps they are happy not to be in the gun tub under the stacks – or wherever the crazy photographer is standing! M.D. “Pat” Donavan, who was a VT44 pilot, wrote “We called it the Christmas Typhoon and a lot of Christmas mail and packages were lost when the Hull, Spence, and Monahan, three DDs, capsized and were lost with all hands. As I recall, only the ship’s officers knew that the Langley was designed to take a 35-degree roll and actually went to 38. Fortunately, the word didn’t get around to the air group.”
Photo courtesy and copyright of The USS Langley CVL-27 Association
Still chugging along, Langley went along for the raid on Indochina and occupied China in early 1945, where she caught a Japanese dive bomber’s deadly egg in the process, then turned towards Japan for strikes against the Home Islands to prep for taking Okinawa. Following operations for that scarred island, which included narrowly escaping crippling kamikaze strikes, she was allowed to retire homeward for repairs and modernization at the Hunters Point Naval Shipyard in San Francisco– and broke out her homeward bound pennant shown at the top.
Due to the shipyard break, her shooting war ended on May 20 and she only returned to the Western Pacific under a U.S. flag for Magic Carpet voyages to bring the boys back. She would make two trips to the Pacific on such happy sorties and two further ones to Europe before Langley was decommissioned on 11 February 1947 in Philadelphia.
Refurbished and transferred on loan to France in 1951, she would serve De Gaulle for another decade as the French aircraft carrier LaFayette (R96), notably seeing combat off Indochina– a coastline she had already worked over in 1945– as well as in the struggle for Paris to retain her North African colonies.
The French aircraft carrier LAFAYETTE (R 96) former USS LANGLEY (CVL-27) at Mers el Kebir, Algeria North Africa 1962. Note the airwing of F4U Corsairs, TBM Avengers, and Piasecki H-21 Shawnee.
Returned to the U.S. in 1963, she was scrapped, although relics of her remain.
Still, she had an epic 1944-45 deployment that is hard to beat.
CAPT. WALLACE (GOTCH) DILLON, COMMANDING OFFICER. The symbols painted on the side of the island represent 48 enemy aircraft shot down, 22 bombing missions, 3 warships, and 8 merchant ships sunk, and 63 aircraft destroyed on the ground. Photo courtesy and copyright of The USS Langley CVL-27 Association
Displacement: 11,000 long tons (11,000 t)
Length: 622 ft 6 in (189.74 m)
Beam: 109 ft 2 in (33.27 m)
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed: 31.6 kn (58.5 km/h 36.4 mph)
Complement: 1,569 officers and men
Armament: 26 × Bofors 40 mm guns
Aircraft carried: 30-40
If you liked this column, please consider joining the International Naval Research Organization (INRO), Publishers of Warship International
They are possibly one of the best sources of naval study, images, and fellowship you can find. http://www.warship.org/membership.htm
The International Naval Research Organization is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the encouragement of the study of naval vessels and their histories, principally in the era of iron and steel warships (about 1860 to date). Its purpose is to provide information and a means of contact for those interested in warships.
With more than 50 years of scholarship, Warship International, the written tome of the INRO has published hundreds of articles, most of which are unique in their sweep and subject.
A guided-missile destroyer is designed to launch anti-aircraft guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.
In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true for navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.
1600 - Hospitality Suite open.
0830 - Board coach for Historic District tour & St. Bonaventure Cemetery
1230 - Depart for hotel
1300 - Arrive at hotel (lunch on your own)
1430 - Hospitality Suite open
0830 &ndash Board coach for Mighty Eighth Air Force Museum
0900 - Arrive for Museum tour
1200 - Depart for Historic District (lunch on your own)
1300 &ndash Time to explore
1430 &ndash Depart for hotel
1530 &ndash Hospitality Suite open
0830 - Board coach for Tybee Island Lighthouse & Museum
0900 - Arrive for tour
1030 &ndash Depart for Old Fort Jackson
1100 &ndash Arrive for tour
1300 - Depart for hotel
1330 &ndash Arrive at hotel (lunch on your own)
1500 - Hospitality Suite open
1530 &ndash Board of Trustees meeting
1800 - Annual Association Banquet & Business Meeting
0900 - Check out and Depart
See You at the 2022 Reunion in San Antonio, TX
Details Category: Uncategorised Last Updated: 21 May 2021
Lansdale was laid down 20 April 1918 by Fore River Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy, Massachusetts launched 21 July 1918 sponsored by Mrs. Ethel S. Lansdale, widow of Lieutenant Lansdale and commissioned 26 October 1918 at Boston, Comdr. C. W. Margruder in command.
Assigned to the Cruiser and Transport Force, Lansdale steamed to Norfolk 4 November to 7 November and joined a European bound convoy as escort 12 November. Sailing via the Azores, she reached Gibraltar 26 November for patrol duty in the Mediterranean. Operating out of Gibraltar until January 1919, she made three voyages to Tangier, Morocco, and one to Algiers, Algeria. Steaming to Venice, 4 January to 13 January, she joined the U.S. Naval Force operating the eastern Mediterranean. She performed dispatch duty in the Adriatic Sea, principally between Venice and the ports of Austria (on Croatian coast). Departing Split, Croatia (then Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, 10 June, she steamed to Gibraltar and the Azores and reached New York 22 June.
During the next year Lansdale operated along the Atlantic coast with Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet. Arriving Philadelphia 11 July 1920, she was converted to a light minelayer and reclassified DM-6. She steamed to Newport, Rhode Island, 2 June to 3 June 1921 joined the Mine Force, Atlantic Fleet 5 July at Gloucester, Massachusetts and until late October practiced laying mines off the New England and Virginia coasts. After overhaul at Boston, she steamed to Guantanamo Bay 4 January to 9 January 1922 for maneuvers, mining exercises, and war games in the West Indies with Mine Squadron 1. Departing Culebra Island 19 April, she arrived at Philadelphia 25 April and decommissioned 25 June.
Lansdale recommissioned 1 May 1930 at Philadelphia, Comdr. Frank R. Berg in command. She joined Mine Squadron 1 at Yorktown 17 May engaged in mining and tactical exercises along the eastern seaboard then arrived at New London, Connecticut, 30 September to serve as target ship for submarines. She departed 12 November and, after visiting Boston, she arrived at Philadelphia 22 December. Remaining there, Lansdale decommissioned 24 March 1931. On 28 December 1936 she was reduced to a hulk for disposal in accordance with the London Treaty for limitation and reduction of naval armaments. Her name was struck from the Naval Register 25 January 1937, and she was sold 16 March 1939 to Union Shipbuilding Company, Baltimore, Maryland.
On 31 August, Stribling departed New York to escort a convoy across the $3. However, machinery trouble forced her back into New York the following day. After almost three weeks in port, she got underway again on 18 September, this time as an escort to a Gibraltar-bound convoy. She fueled at Ponta Delgada in the Azores and made Gibraltar in early October. From there, she sailed with a convoy for Marseilles on 10 October. For the next month, she made several Gibraltar-to-Marseilles circuits with Allied convoys.
After the Armistice, she sailed to Venice, Italy, to investigate post-armistice conditions there and at various other ports on Italy's Adriatic coast and in Dalmatia. At the completion of that duty, she headed back to the United States, arriving home in July 1919. Stribling entered the Portsmouth Navy Yard for overhaul and repairs before being placed in reduced commission at Philadelphia. There, she was converted to a minelayer and, on 17 July 1920, she was redesignated DM-1.
In September 1921, she departed Philadelphia and sailed to the west coast and, from there, proceeded on to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After a series of maneuvers in the islands, Stribling was decommissioned on 26 June 1922. On 1 December 1936, her name was struck from the Navy list. The following month, her hulk was towed to San Pedro, California, where she was sunk as a target.
MAHAN DDG 42
This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.
- Farragut Class Destroyer Leader
Ordered 18 November 1955 as Destroyer Leader (DL)
Reclassified Guided Missile Frigate (DLG) 14 November 1956
Keel Laid 31 July 1957 - Launched 7 October 1959
Struck from Naval Register 15 June 1993
Sold 31 August 1995 to Baltimore Marine Inds. for scrap
Repossessed 1 October 1996
This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).
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This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.
A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
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